Fission Yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe: An Attractive Host for Heterologous Protein Production

  • Yuko Giga-Hama
Chapter
Part of the Biotechnology Intelligence Unit book series (BIOIU)

Abstract

The fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe (S. pombe) is a unicellular eukaryote belonging to the Ascomycetes. S. pombe was originally isolated from East African millet beer. The millet beer, according to a secondhand report derived from the description by Saare in a German journal in 1890, consisted of “a light brown liquid, which had thick grayish-white settlings, covering half the bottle, with mixed-in pieces and remnants from the millet used. The taste was acidulous, similar to that of sour leaven from the distillery, rotten, and not particularly pleasant.” Isolated S. pombe was sent from East Africa to Germany in 1890 and further cultivated to a pure culture. The first description of S. pombe by P. Lindner was published in a German brewery weekly journal1 in 1893. He chose as its name the Swahili word for beer, “pombe.” Microscopic examination revealed that the shape of each S. pombe cell is cylindrical, and rounded on the ends. Its length is 7–15 μm and its diameter is around 4 μm, yet it may fluctuate in size, depending especially on the culture conditions. S. pombe is called “fission yeast” because it only reproducesby means of fission, besides by means of spores. No budding is observed such as occurs in brewer’s yeast.

Keywords

Fermentation Dopamine Lipase Polypeptide Beach 

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yuko Giga-Hama

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