Spectrometers: Operational Errors and Uncertainties

  • A. F. Bais
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (volume 52)


The increasing international interest on solar ultraviolet radiation during the last decade stimulated large research activities about the methods and the instrumentation used to measure the solar irradiance in this spectral region. Spectroradiometers capable in recording the spectrum of the global solar UV irradiance reaching the earth’s surface have been recently deployed at various locations over the globe. The quality of the data provided by the existing instruments is constantly improving year-by-year and most of them are now capable to conduct measurements with an accuracy of about ±5%. However, the need for more reliable measurements, with an objective to achieve even ±1% accuracy, resulted in continuous efforts to reduce the errors and the uncertainties associated with the measurements of solar ultraviolet radiation.


Solar Zenith Angle Stray Light Input Optic Solar Ultraviolet Radiation Angular Response 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Gardiner B. G. and P. J. Kirsch (Eds.), Setting standards for European ultraviolet spectroradiometers, Air Pollution Research Report 53, CEC, Brussels, ISBN 92–826–5405–2, 119 pp., 1995.Google Scholar
  2. Slaper, H., H. A. J. M. Reinen, M. Blumthaler, M. Huber, F. Kuik, Comparing ground-level Spectrally resolved UV measurements using various instruments: A technique resolving effects of wavelength shift and slit width, Geoph. Res. Lett., 22, 20, 2721–2724, 1995.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Huber, M., M. Blumthaler, A. Ambach, A method for determining the wavelength shift for measurements of solar UV radiation, in Atmospheric Radiation, edited by K. H. Stamnes, Proc. SPIE 2049, 354–357, 1993.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Kerr, J. B., C. T. McElroy, R. A. Olafson, “Measurements of Ozone with the Brewer Ozone Spectrophotometer”, Proc. Ouadr. Ozone Symp_, Boulder, Colorado, (ed. J. London), NCAR, 74–79, 1980.Google Scholar
  5. Tug, H. and M.E.M. Baumann, “Problems in UV-B radiation measurements in biological research. Critical remarks on current techniques and suggestions for improvements”, Geophys. Res. Lett., 8, 689–692, 1994.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. F. Bais
    • 1
  1. 1.Physics Department Laboratory of Atmospheric PhysicsAristotle University of ThessalonikiThessalonikiGreece

Personalised recommendations