The radiative forcing of the surface-troposphere system (due to a change, for example, in greenhouse gas concentration) is the change in the net irradiance (in Wm-2) at the tropopause after allowing for stratospheric temperatures to re-adjust to radiative equilibrium, but with surface and tropospheric temperatures held fixed at their unperturbed values.
KeywordsGlobal Warming Potential Radiative Force Stratospheric Ozone Tropospheric Ozone Stratospheric Aerosol
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