The Sea Floor pp 215-240 | Cite as

Deep-Sea Sediments — Patterns, Processes, and Stratigraphic Methods

  • Eugen Seibold
  • Wolfgang H. Berger


As mentioned in the introduction, deep-Sea Deposits were first explored in a comprehensive fashion during the British Challenger Expedition (1873–1876). Many thousands of samples were subsequently studied by John Murray (1841–1914), naturalist on the Challenger. He and his co-worker A. F. Renard published a weighty report on the results, which laid the foundation for all later work in this field of research. The first great step beyond Murray’s work were the results of the German Meteor Expedition, almost half a century later (1927–1929). A new branch of oceanography started with the recovery of long cores by the Swedish Albatross Expedition (1947–1949), that is, Pleistocene oceanography. It revolutionized our understanding of the great Ice Ages. Another great step came in 1968 with Glomar Challenger and the Deep Sea Drilling Project, which provided the samples for Tertiary and Cretaceous ocean history.


Planktonic Foraminifer First Appearance Data Pelagic Clay Siliceous Shell Calcareous Ooze 
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Further Reading

  1. Schott W (1935) Die Foraminiferen in dem aequatorialen Teil des Atlantischen Ozeans. Wiss Ergeb Deutsch Atlant Exped Forschungsschiff Meteor, 1925–1927. 3 (3), 43–134Google Scholar
  2. Hill MN (ed) (1963) The sea — Ideas and observations on progress in the study of the seas, vol 3, Interscience, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  3. Harrison CGH, Funnell BM (1964) Relationship of palaeomagnetic reversals and micropalaeontology in two Late Cenozoic cores from the Pacific Ocean. Nature 204: 566CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Lisitzin AP (1972) Sedimentation in the world ocean. SEPM Spec Publ 17, Soc Econ Paleontol Mineral Tulsa, OklaGoogle Scholar
  5. Hsü KJ, Jenkyns H (eds) (1974) Pelagic sediments on land and under the sea. Spec Publ Int Assoc Sedimentol 1Google Scholar
  6. Bolli HM, Saunders JB, Perch-Nielsen K (eds) (1985) Plankton stratigraphy. Cambridge Univ Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  7. Chester R (1990) Marine geochemistry. Unwin Hyman, LondonCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eugen Seibold
    • 1
  • Wolfgang H. Berger
    • 2
  1. 1.Geologisches InstitutUniversität FreiburgFreiburgGermany
  2. 2.Geological Research DivisionScripps Institution of OceanographyLa JollaUSA

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