Scattering of Strongly Interacting Particles on Nuclei
Part of the
Electroweak and Strong Interactions
book series (GTP)
This chapter deals with the interaction of strongly interacting particles (hadrons) with nuclei, at low and intermediate energies. The hadronic projectiles are used as probes of nuclear properties and of the hadron-nucleon interaction in the nuclear medium, and they are selected accordingly. We discuss mainly the case of pions, to some extent also kaons, because of the specific properties of the pion-(kaon)-nucleon system. Some of the methods and results can also be applied to nucleons if these are chosen to be projectiles, but we do not go into the full complexity of the spin analysis of the nucleon-nucleon system. In this sense this field is distinct from the conventional topic of nuclear reactions for which there are many excellent treatises in the literature on Nuclear Physics. Conventional nuclear reactions are mostly studied in their own right with the primary aim of understanding and formulating the reaction mechanism itself. In intermediate energy physics the reaction mechanism is believed, or assumed, to be known and the scattering process is analyzed in terms of properties of the nucleus and of the elementary projectile-nucleon system.1
KeywordsTotal Cross Section Partial Wave Multiple Scattering Optical Potential Nuclear Medium
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