The Development of Climate Research

  • Antonio Navarra

Abstract

The geophysical sciences in general and climate research in particular have always played a special role among the other scientific disciplines for their special relationship with the object of their study. Climate research deals with climate, that is to say the response of the atmosphere, ocean, land and ice systems to the solar forcing over a prescribed time interval. In this respect climatology diverges from the other quantitative “hard” sciences in a simple, but very important detail: the impossibility of performing the “crucial” experiment on which the classic paradigm of investigation of the physical sciences is built.

Keywords

Vortex Dust Convection Europe Vorticity 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Antonio Navarra

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