The Role of Governmental Responsibility

  • Thomas T. Shen
Part of the Environmental Engineering book series (ESE)

Abstract

In recent years, environmental policy and strategies have begun to focus upon preventive measures. Many government officials have started to realize the benefits of avoiding the production of industrial pollution. However, government implementation of pollution prevention policy has not progressed as expected. In the United States, for example, the source reduction approach is not becoming institutionalized as it should be with the state pollution prevention programs. As noted by USEPA, several hundred billion dollars have been spent to mitigate environmental problems. As of 1990, the cost of all pollution control activities was estimated to be $ 115 billion per year, with this amount expected to increase to $ 170 billion annually by the year 2000. USEPA funding of many environmental programs seems to reward after-the-fact pollution control strategies rather than source reduction and less than 1 percent of the USEPA’s annual budget for source reduction activities (GAO, 1994).

Keywords

Toxicity Europe Ozone Income Preven 

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References

  1. GAO (1994) Pollution Prevention: EPA Should Reexamine the Objectives and Sustainability of State Programs. US General Accounting Office Publications, GAO/PEMD-94–8, Washington DC, 20548Google Scholar
  2. IUAPPA (1991) Declaration on Pollution Prevention of the International Union of Air Pollution Associations approved on September 4, 1991 at Seoul, KoreaGoogle Scholar
  3. OECD (1991) Press Release: Communiqué — Environment Committee Meeting in Paris on January 30–31, 1991, SG/PRESS (91) 9Google Scholar
  4. Porter ME (1990) “The Competitive Advantage of Nations”, Harvard Business Review, March—April 1990Google Scholar
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  6. USEPA (1993) Transforming Environmental Permitting And Compliance Policies To Promote Pollution Prevention: Removing Barriers And Providing Incentives To Foster Technology Innovation, Economic Productivity, And Environmental Protection. Office of the Administer (A-101 F6), EPA 100-R-93–004, April 1993Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas T. Shen
    • 1
  1. 1.DelmarUSA

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