The Role of Governmental Responsibility
In recent years, environmental policy and strategies have begun to focus upon preventive measures. Many government officials have started to realize the benefits of avoiding the production of industrial pollution. However, government implementation of pollution prevention policy has not progressed as expected. In the United States, for example, the source reduction approach is not becoming institutionalized as it should be with the state pollution prevention programs. As noted by USEPA, several hundred billion dollars have been spent to mitigate environmental problems. As of 1990, the cost of all pollution control activities was estimated to be $ 115 billion per year, with this amount expected to increase to $ 170 billion annually by the year 2000. USEPA funding of many environmental programs seems to reward after-the-fact pollution control strategies rather than source reduction and less than 1 percent of the USEPA’s annual budget for source reduction activities (GAO, 1994).
KeywordsToxicity Europe Ozone Income Preven
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