Somatic Embryogenesis in Cacao (Theobroma cacao)

  • V. C. Pence
Part of the Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry book series (AGRICULTURE, volume 30)


The seeds of the cacao tree, Theobroma cacao L. (Sterculiaceae), provide the basis of the multibillion dollar chocolate industry. A native of the Neotropics, cacao grows as an understory tree in the rainforest. Flowers and fruit are produced directly from the stem, with pods attaining lengths of approximately 15–25 cm, each containing 30–40 seeds (Pence 1989).


Somatic Embryo Somatic Embryogenesis Cocoa Butter Zygotic Embryo Immature Embryo 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. C. Pence
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Reproduction of Endangered WildlifeCincinnati Zoo and Botanical GardenCincinnatiUSA

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