Mississippi Valley-Type Deposits in Continental Margin Basins: Lessons from the Appalachian-Caledonian Orogen

  • S. E. Kesler
Part of the Special Publication of the Society for Geology Applied to Mineral Deposits book series (MINERAL DEPOS., volume 10)

Abstract

One of the major questions concerning Mississippi Valley-type (MVT) deposits at continental margins is the mechanism by which mineralizing brines were expelled from their source basins. Possible mechanisms, listed in order of the intensity of regional deformation with which they are associated, include basinal overpressuring, regional tilting, hinterland recharge of foreland basins, and destruction of source basins by regional thrusting. MVT mineralization in the Caledonian-Appalachian orogen provides an excellent opportunity to compare the effectiveness of these four brine expulsion processes. In general, the largest MVT deposits are found in areas of most intense regional thrusting, suggesting that hinterland recharge or basin deformation is the important brine expulsion mechanism. The fact that widespread MVT mineralization in the East Tennessee area of the southern Appalachians is adjacent to overlapping Taconic and Acadian foreland basins and metamorphic maxima suggests that basin deformation is the dominant process for brine expulsion.

Keywords

Sulfide Silurian Hydrocarbon Shale Magnetite 

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. E. Kesler
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Geological SciencesUniversity of MichiganAnn ArborUSA

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