Grand Unification Schemes
There is no experimental evidence so far that could not be accommodated within the standard model. There are, however, several theoretical shortcomings which must be remedied by a more fundamental theory. The unification of forces has not really found a satisfactory formulation, since three different gauge groups U(1), SU(2), and SU(3) are used to describe the electromagnetic, weak, and strong interactions.
KeywordsEntropy Vortex Manifold Catalysis Helium
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