Grand Unification Schemes

  • Gerhard Börner
Part of the Texts and Monographs in Physics book series (TMP)


There is no experimental evidence so far that could not be accommodated within the standard model. There are, however, several theoretical shortcomings which must be remedied by a more fundamental theory. The unification of forces has not really found a satisfactory formulation, since three different gauge groups U(1), SU(2), and SU(3) are used to describe the electromagnetic, weak, and strong interactions.


Entropy Vortex Manifold Catalysis Helium 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gerhard Börner
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für AstrophysikMax-Planck-Institut für Physik und AstrophysikGarchingGermany

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