• Wu Cheng-Yih
  • K. Kubitzki
Part of the The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants book series (FAMILIES GENERA, volume 2)


Deciduous, aromatic tree; branches densely lenticellate. Young branches and leaves covered with simple hairs and aromatic, resinous, peltate, basally embedded gland-scales. Leaves alternate, stipulate, imparipinnate. Inflorescences slender, nodding, panicles, clustered in the axils of distal leaves and bracts; flowers in dichasial triplets, the central flower of each triplet perfect and fertile, the lateral ones pistillate, reduced, sterile or abortive. Flowers small, inconspicuous; tepals of the perfect flowers 2 + 2, small, persistent on the fruit; disk wanting; stamens 6; filaments short; anthers basifixed, dithecal, tetrasporan-giate, opening by longitudinal slits. Ovary superior, bicarpellate, bilocular below, unilocular above; stigmas 2, free, lamelliform, carinal; ovule solitary, attached to the septum in one locule, hemitropous to anatropous, bitegmic, crassinucellar. Fruit a two-winged nut; seed solitary, without endosperm; embryo straight, oily, with 2 thick cotyledons.


Europe Cretaceous Perforation Broome 

Selected Bibliography

  1. Chang, C.-Y. 1981. Morphology of the family Rhoipteleaceae in relation to its systematic position. Acta Phytotaxon. Sin. 19: 168–178 (in Chinese with Engl. summary).Google Scholar
  2. Goczán, F., Groot, J. J., Krutzsch, W., Paltová, B. 1967. Die Gattungen des “Stemma Normapolles” Pflug 1953b (Angiosper-mae). Paläontol. Abh. B. 2: 427–633.Google Scholar
  3. Handel-Mazzetti, H. 1932. Rhoipteleaceae, eine neue Familie der Monochlamydeen. Feddes Repert. 30: 75–80.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Knobloch, E., Mai, D.H. 1986. Monographie der Früchte und Samen in der Kreide von Mitteleuropa. Praha: Českol. Akademie ved.Google Scholar
  5. Muller, J. 1981. Fossil pollen records of extant angiosperms. Bot. Rev. 47: 1–147.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Stone, D.E. 1989. Biology and evolution of temperate and tropical Juglandaceae. In: Crane, P.R., Blackmore, S. (Eds.) Evolution, systematics, and fossil history of the Hamamelidae, Vol.2. Oxford: Clarendon Press, pp. 117–145.Google Scholar
  7. Stone, D.E., Broome, C.R. 1972. Pollen ultrastructure: evidence for relationship of the Juglandaceae and Rhoipteleaceae. Pollen Spores 13: 5–14.Google Scholar
  8. Withner, C.L. 1941. Stem anatomy and phylogeny of the Rhoipteleaceae. Amer. J. Bot. 28: 872–878.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wu Cheng-Yih
  • K. Kubitzki

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations