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Phytolaccaceae

  • J. G. Rohwer
Chapter
Part of the The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants book series (FAMILIES GENERA, volume 2)

Abstract

Herbs, shrubs, more or less woody climbers, or trees. Leaves alternate (opposite in Gisekia), simple, entire, usually petiolate; stipules absent (but sometimes prophylls of axillary bud resembling stipules; transformed into spines in Seguieria). Inflorescences mostly indeterminate (determinate in Seguieria and Agdestis), most frequently racemes or spikes. Flowers small, bisexual (unisexual in Monococcus and a few species of Phytolacca and Ledenbergia, plants usually dioecious), mostly actinomorphic (± weakly zygomorphic in Hilleria and Anisomeria), hypogynous (nearly epigynous in Agdestis). Perianth simple, tepals 4 or 5, free (slightly connate in Hilleria), imbricate, inconspicuous to petaloid, mostly greenish to whitish, less often yellow or reddish. Stamens (2−)4 to many, free; anthers dorsifixed, tetrasporangiate, mostly more or less linear (subglobose in Microtea), at the base incised, often also at the tip, opening by longitudinal slits. Carpels 1–17, arranged in one whorl (inserted on a gynophore in Nowickea), free or more or less united; styles usually free or absent (united in Agdestis); stigmas free. Ovules one per carpel (in Microtea and Lophiocarpus one per ovary), campylotropous, bitegmic, crassinucellate, basal or nearly so in single carpels, or axile in syncarpous ovaries. Fruit various, indéhiscent (a capsule in Barbeuia). Seed with a crustaceous or membranaceous testa (arillate in Barbeuia); perisperm copious to lacking in the mature seed; embryo curved.

Keywords

Pollen Morphology Terminal Flower Floral Anatomy Carpel Number Dorsal Bundle 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1993

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  • J. G. Rohwer

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