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Himantandraceae

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Part of the The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants book series (FAMILIES GENERA,volume 2)

Abstract

Large trees. Leaves distichous, margin entire; blade simple; stipules absent; coppery indumentum on leaf undersurface, young shoots and floral buds, consisting of peltate scales. Flowers in leaf axils, not forming well-circumscribed inflorescences. Flowers cream, bisexual, actinomorphic, spiral, hypogynous; gynoecium surrounded by a shallow androecial receptacle; sepals and petals absent, but floral envelope consisting of two caps each consisting of a closed bract; outer staminodes 3–23; stamens 13–130; inner staminodes 13-20 (van Royen and van Heel 1962); stamens and staminodes linear, ribbon-like, acute, inner staminodes and part of the stamens with marginal and laminar glands; each theca opening by two valves; carpels 7–28, almost apocarpous, coalescent in fruit development; ovules 1 (−2) per carpel, anatropous, apotropous, bitegmic, crassinucellar. Fruits drupes with several flat pyrenes, each containing a flat seed; endosperm oily; embryo straight, small, dicotyledonous.

Keywords

  • Outer Integument
  • Pyridine Alkaloid
  • Peltate Scale
  • Flat Seed
  • Leaf Undersurface

These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© 1993 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg

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Endress, P.K. (1993). Himantandraceae. In: Kubitzki, K., Rohwer, J.G., Bittrich, V. (eds) Flowering Plants · Dicotyledons. The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants, vol 2. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-02899-5_40

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-02899-5_40

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg

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