• P. K. Endress
Part of the The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants book series (FAMILIES GENERA, volume 2)


Large trees. Leaves distichous, margin entire; blade simple; stipules absent; coppery indumentum on leaf undersurface, young shoots and floral buds, consisting of peltate scales. Flowers in leaf axils, not forming well-circumscribed inflorescences. Flowers cream, bisexual, actinomorphic, spiral, hypogynous; gynoecium surrounded by a shallow androecial receptacle; sepals and petals absent, but floral envelope consisting of two caps each consisting of a closed bract; outer staminodes 3–23; stamens 13–130; inner staminodes 13-20 (van Royen and van Heel 1962); stamens and staminodes linear, ribbon-like, acute, inner staminodes and part of the stamens with marginal and laminar glands; each theca opening by two valves; carpels 7–28, almost apocarpous, coalescent in fruit development; ovules 1 (−2) per carpel, anatropous, apotropous, bitegmic, crassinucellar. Fruits drupes with several flat pyrenes, each containing a flat seed; endosperm oily; embryo straight, small, dicotyledonous.


Outer Integument Pyridine Alkaloid Peltate Scale Flat Seed Leaf Undersurface 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Selected Bibliography

  1. Bailey, I.W., Nast, C.G., Smith, A.C. 1943. The family Himantandraceae. J.Arnold Arbor. 24: 190–206.Google Scholar
  2. Balgooy, M.M.J. van 1986. Himantandraceae. Flora Malesiana Bull. 9: 298–299.Google Scholar
  3. Baranova, M. 1972. Systematic anatomy of the leaf epidermis in the Magnoliaceae and some related families. Taxon 21: 447–469.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Behnke, H.-D. 1981. Sieve-element characters. Nord. J. Bot. 1: 381–400.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Buchheim, G. 1962. Beobachtungen über den Bau der Frucht der Himantandraceae. Sitzungsber. Ges. Naturf. Freunde Berlin, N.F., 2: 78–92.Google Scholar
  6. Crome, F.H.J. 1975. The ecology of fruit pigeons in tropical Northern Queensland. Austral. Wildlife Res. 2: 155–185CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Diels, L. 1917. Über die Gattung Himantandra, ihre Verbreitung und ihre systematische Stellung. Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 55: 126–134.Google Scholar
  8. Endress, P.K. 1977. Über Blütenbau und Verwandtschaft der Eupomatiaceae und Himantandraceae. Ber. Dtsch. Bot. Ges. 90: 83–103.Google Scholar
  9. Endress, P. K. 1983. Dispersal and distribution in some small archaic relic angiosperm families (Austrobaileyaceae, Eupomatiaceae, Himantandraceae, Idiospermoideae — Calycanthaceae). Sonderbd. Naturwiss. Ver. Hamb. 7: 201–217.Google Scholar
  10. Endress, P.K. 1984. The role of inner staminodes in the floral display of some relic Magnoliales. Pl. Syst. Evol. 146: 269–282.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Endress, P.K., Hufford, L.D. 1989. The diversity of stamen structures and dehiscence patterns among Magnoliidae. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 100: 45–85.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Metcalfe, C.R. 1987. Anatomy of the dicotyledons, 2nd edn., III. Oxford: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
  13. Morawetz, W. 1988. Karyosystematic and evolution of Australian Annonaceae as compared with Eupomatiaceae, Himantandraceae, and Austrobaileyaceae. Pl. Syst. Evol. 159: 49–79.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Prakash, N., Foreman, D.B., Griffith, S. J. 1984. Gametogenesis in Galbulimima belgraveana (Himantandraceae). Aust. J. Bot. 32: 605–612.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Raven, P.H., Kyhos, D.W. 1965. New evidence concerning the original basic chromosome number of angiosperms. Evolution 19: 244–248.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Ritchie, E., Taylor, W.C. 1967. The Galbulimima alkaloids. In: Manske, R.H.F. (Ed.) The alkaloids 9. New York: Academic Press, pp. 529–543.Google Scholar
  17. van Royen, P., van Heel, W. A. 1962. Sertulum Papuanum 6. Himantandraceae. Nova Guinea, Bot., 8–10: 127–135.Google Scholar
  18. Sauer, W., Ehrendorfer, F. 1970. Chromosomen, Verwandtschaft und Evolution tropischer Holzpflanzen, II. Himantandraceae. Oesterr. Bot. Z. 118: 38–54.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. K. Endress

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations