General References

  • Klaus Kubitzki
  • Jens G. Rohwer
  • Volker Bittrich
Part of the The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants book series (FAMILIES GENERA, volume 2)


Flowering Plant Pollen Morphology Phylogenetic Classification Fossil History Comparative Embryology 
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General References


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Phylogeny and Evolution

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Vegetative Structures

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Reproductive Structures

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Pollen Morphology and Embryology

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  14. Zavada, M. S. 1984. Angiosperm origins and evolution based on dispersed fossil pollen ultrastructure. Ann. Mo. Bot. Gard. 71: 444–463.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Zavada, M.S., Dilcher, D.L. 1986. Comparative pollen morphology and its relationship to phylogeny of pollen in the Hamamelidae. Ann. Mo. Bot. Gard. 73: 348–381.CrossRefGoogle Scholar


  1. Fedorov, Al. A. (ed.) 1969. Chromosome numbers of flowering plants. Leningrad: Nauka (in Russian).Google Scholar
  2. Raven, P.H. 1975. The bases of angiosperm phylogeny: cytology. Ann. Mo. Bot. Gard. 62: 724–764.CrossRefGoogle Scholar


  1. Bate-Smith, E. C. 1962. The phenolic constituents of plants and their taxonomic significance. I. Dicotyledons. J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 58: 95–173.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Gibbs, R.D. 1974. Chemotaxonomy of flowering plants, 4 vols. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press.Google Scholar
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  4. Kubitzki, K., Gottlieb, O.R. 1984a. Micromolecular patterns and the evolution and major classification of angiosperms. Taxon 33: 375–391.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Kubitzki, K., Gottlieb, O.R. 1984b. Phytochemical aspects of angiosperms origin and evolution. Acta bot. Neerl. 33: 457–468.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Klaus Kubitzki
    • 1
  • Jens G. Rohwer
    • 2
  • Volker Bittrich
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Allgemeine Botanik und Botanischer GartenHamburgGermany
  2. 2.Institut für Systematische Botanik und PflanzengeographieHeidelbergGermany

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