Advertisement

Hernandiaceae

  • K. Kubitzki
Chapter
Part of the The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants book series (FAMILIES GENERA, volume 2)

Abstract

Trees, shrubs or vines with aethereal oil cells, that may lyse into mucilaginous cavities, and (Gyrocarpus and Sparattanthelium only) with cystoliths in leaves and axis. Leaves alternate, petiolate, exstipulate, the blade entire to palmately lobed, or palmately compound, and pinnately, palmately or pedately veined. Flowers epigynous, more or less regular, in thyrsoid or dichasial inflorescences, perfect or unisexual, in the latter case the plants polygamous or monoecious, rarely dioecious; bracteoles present or not; tepals in two whorls of 3–4 (−6), or in one whorl of 4–8, imbricate or valvate; stamens a single whorl of 3–5 (−7); filaments mostly dorsally or at the base provided with a pair of nectariferous glands; anthers 2-locular, dehiscing by valves; ovary inferior, the single carpel with a short or elongate style and a terminal stigma; ovule solitary, pendulous, bitegmic and crassinucellar. Fruit one-seeded, dry, often with lateral or apical wings; seeds without endosperm, dicotyledonous.

Keywords

Female Flower Pollen Morphology Ovary Wall Partial Inflorescence Primary Vascular System 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Selected Bibliography

  1. Behnke, H.-D. 1988. Sieve-element plastids, phloem protein, and evolution of flowering plants: III. Magnoliidae. Taxon 37: 699–732.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Endress, P.K. 1972. Zur vergleichenden Entwicklungsmorphologie, Embryologie und Systematik bei Laurales. Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 92: 331–428.Google Scholar
  3. Endress, P.K., Hufford, L.D. 1989. The diversity of stamen structures and dehiscence patterns among Magnoliidae. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 100: 45–85.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Hesse, M., Kubitzki, K. 1983. The sporoderm ultrastructure in Persea, Nectandra, Hernandia, Gomortega and some other lauralean genera. Pl. Syst. Evol. 141: 299–311.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Kubitzki, K. 1969. Monographie der Hernandiaceen. Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 69: 78–209.Google Scholar
  6. Morawetz, W. 1986. Remarks on karyological differentiation patterns in tropical woody plants. Pl. Syst. Evol. 152: 49–100.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Sastri, R.L.N. 1963. Studies in the Lauraceae IV. Comparative embryology and phylogeny. Ann. Bot. n. s. 27: 425–433.Google Scholar
  8. Shutts, C. F. 1959. The comparative morphology of the Hernandiaceae. PhD dissertation, Indiana University, Sept. 1959. Univ. Microfilms, Ann Arbor.Google Scholar
  9. Shutts, C.F. 1960. Wood anatomy of Hernandiaceae and Gyrocarpaceae. Trop. Woods 113: 85–123.Google Scholar
  10. van Heel, W. A. 1971. The labyrinthic seed of Hernandia peltata Meissn. in DC. Proc. K. Ned. Akad. Wet. C 74, 1: 46–51.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Kubitzki

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations