• P. K. Endress
Part of the The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants book series (FAMILIES GENERA, volume 2)


Trees or shrubs. Leaves distichous, rarely spiral, subopposite or opposite, simple or tricuspidate or lobed, margin entire or dentate, venation camptodromous or actinodromous and brochidodromous or craspedodromous; stipules present in all genera; indumentum of sclerified stellate hairs, rarely more or less absent, rarely with some glandular hairs. Inflorescences spikes or heads, rarely racemes, or (condensed) thyrses or panicles. Flowers small to medium-sized, mostly yellow, white, greenish or red, bisexual or andromonoecious, rarely unisexual, actinomorphic or very rarely zygomorphic, hypogynous to epigynous, receptacle lacking to urn-shaped; sepals (0−)4–5(−7), imbricate, persistent, or rarely fused and then abscising or dehiscing at anthesis; petals 4–5 or absent, often ribbon-like and circinate in bud, very rarely circinate also at anthesis, caducous; stamens (1−)4–5(−24), development of polyandrous androecia either centripetal or centrifugal; anthers basifixed, consistently with small or long connective protrusion, each theca opening with two or one valve, thecae mostly bisporangiate, rarely monosporangiate; carpels 2, styles apocarpous, very rarely basally syncarpous, ovaries syncarpous; ovules mostly 1, rarely up to more than 40 per carpel, but then most of them sterile, crassinucellar, bitegmic, anatropous, halfway between apotropous and epitropous, pendent from ovary top if 1 present, along the carpellary margins if numerous. Fruits dehiscent capsules, mostly with ballistic seed ejection by the bending hard endocarp; seeds mostly very hard, mostly black. Embryo straight, mostly small, rarely medium-sized.


Arnold Arbor Stellate Hair Liquidambar Styraciflua Longitudinal Slit Winged Seed 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1993

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  • P. K. Endress

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