• K. Kubitzki
Part of the The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants book series (FAMILIES GENERA, volume 2)


Aromatic evergreen tree with grey bark; younger branches quadrangular; ultimate branching dichasial. Indument of simple hairs. Leaves decussate, exstipulate, petiolate; blade obovate to lanceolate, coriaceous. Racemes terminal or axillary, bearing flowers in the axils of decussate, caducous bracts plus a terminal flower. Flowers epigynous, campanulate, subtended by two inconspicuous, caducous bracteoles; floral phyllotaxis intermediate between spiral and indistinctly trimerously whorled; perianth lobes ca.7–10, ovate to oblong, pubescent on both sides, intergrading with stamens; stamens 7–13, the outer 1–3 petaloid, often with imperfectly developed pollen sacs; the next 6–10 differentiated into filament and anther, basally flanked by two stalked glands; anthers bilocular, in outer stamens introrse, in middle stamens latrorse, dehiscing from the base upwards by two valves; innermost 1–3 stamens sterile. Ovary inferior, turbinate, syncarpous, (2−)3(−5)-locular; style very short, with 2(−3) stigmatic branches; ovule one per locule, pendulous from the apex. Fruit yellow, edible, drupaceous, 1(−3?)-locular, containing mostly only 1 seed with copious oily endosperm and a large embryo. 2n = 42.


Female Flower Calcium Oxalate Pollen Morphology Secretory Cavity Simple Hair 
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Selected Bibliography

  1. Brizicky, G. K. 1959. Variability in the floral parts of Gomortega (Gomortegaceae). Willdenowia 2: 200–207.Google Scholar
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  3. Gottwald, H. 1977. The anatomy of the secondary xylem and the classification of ancient dicotyledons. Plant Syst. Evol., Suppl. 1: 111–121.Google Scholar
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  5. Hesse, M., Kubitzki, K. 1983. The sporoderm ultrastructure in Persea, Nectandra, Hernandia, Gomortega and some other Lauralean genera. Plant Syst. Evol. 141: 299–311.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Reiche, K. 1896. Zur Kenntnis von Gomortega nitida R. et P. Ber. Dtsch. Bot. Ges. 14: 225–233.Google Scholar
  7. Stern, W.L. 1955. Xylem anatomy and relationships of Gomortegaceae. Amer. J. Bot. 42: 874–885.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1993

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  • K. Kubitzki

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