• K. Kubitzki
Part of the The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants book series (FAMILIES GENERA, volume 2)


Monoecious trees or shrubs, evergreen or deciduous. Hairs simple, capitate, fasciculate, or stellate, glandular or not, rarely with resiniferous colleters, or scales on pits on the leaf underside. Leaves simple, petiolate, stipulate, alternate, rarely verticillate in whorls of 3; margin entire, crenate, serrate, or sinuate; stipules caducous, rarely persistent, free, rarely interpetiolar, sometimes peltately attached. Inflorescences pendulous, rarely erect aments, or reduced spikes, heads, or cymules, or reduced to solitary flowers. Flowers usually unisexual; staminate flowers solitary or in dichasial clusters of 2–30 along the rachis, sessile or pedicellate; perianth campanulate or tubular, 6(−9)-lobed; stamens (4−)6–12(−90); filaments filiform, free or rarely connate at the base; anthers linear to reniform, dorsifixed or basifixed, 2-locular, longitudinally dehiscent; pistillode present or absent. Female flowers in dichasial clusters of 2–15, or solitary, each flower or the dichasium surrounded by a cupule; perianth usually regularly 6-lobed, sometimes poorly developed; staminodes 6–12, or absent; ovary inferior (superior according to Porsch 1950), 2–6(−9)-locular; ovules anatropous, crassinucellar, bitegmic, rarely unitegmic, 2 per cell; staminodes 6–12, or absent; styles as many as locules, terete, rather short, conical, or tongue-shaped; stigmas capitate, punctiform, or covering the inner surface of the styles.


Female Flower Male Flower Pollen Morphology Central Flower Staminate Flower 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1993

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  • K. Kubitzki

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