• P. K. Endress
Part of the The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants book series (FAMILIES GENERA, volume 2)


Shrubs or subshrubs. Leaves distichous, margin entire; blade simple; stipules absent; indumentum absent or present on young shoots. Flowers in leaf axils or terminal on longer shoots, not forming well-circumscribed inflorescences. Flowers cream, or yellow and red, bisexual, actinomorphic, spiral, epigynous; receptacle urceolate; sepals and petals absent, but floral envelope constituting a cap consisting of one or two fused bracts. Stamens about 20–100, tetrasporangiate; filaments short, broad, anthers basifixed, introrse, opening with longitudinal slits that bifurcate at both ends; inner staminodes about 40–80 with marginal and laminal glands; stamens and staminodes basally united, forming a synandrium; carpels about 13–70, syncarpous (but spiral!), styles absent; ovules 2–11 per carpel, anatropous, apotropous, bitegmic, crassinucellar, in two series along ventral side of carpels. Fruits fleshy berries, seeds ruminated; endosperm fleshy (oily); embryo straight, small, dicotyledonous.


Flavonoid Alkaloid Perforation Tate Bark 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Selected Bibliography

  1. Behnke, H.-D. 1981. Sieve-element characters. Nord. J. Bot. 1: 381–400.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Endress, P.K. 1977. Über Blütenbau und Verwandtschaft der Eupomatiaceae und Himantandraceae. Ber. Dtsch. Bot. Ges. 90: 83–103.Google Scholar
  3. Endress, P.K. 1983. Dispersal and distribution in some small archaic relic angiosperm families (Austrobaileyaceae, Eupomatiaceae, Himantandraceae, Idiospermoideae-Calycanthaceae). Sonderbd. Naturwiss. Ver. Hamb. 7: 201–217.Google Scholar
  4. Endress, P.K. 1984. The flowering process in the Eupomatiaceae (Magnoliales). Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 104: 297–319.Google Scholar
  5. Goldblatt, P. 1974. Chromosome numbers of phanerogams. 5. Ann. Mo. Bot. Gard. 61: 901–904.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Hamilton, A. G. 1898. On the fertilisation of Eupomatia laurina R. Br. Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.W. 22: 48–55.Google Scholar
  7. Hotchkiss, A.T. 1955. Geographical distribution of the Eupomatiaceae. J. Arnold Arbor. 36: 385–396.Google Scholar
  8. Hotchkiss, A.T. 1959. Pollen and pollination in the Eupomatiaceae. Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S. W. 83: 86–91.Google Scholar
  9. Kamelina, O.P. 1981. On the embryology of the non-investigated taxons I. Some data on the embryology of Eupomatiaceae. Bot. Žurn. (Moscow and Leningrad) 66: 854–859.Google Scholar
  10. Metcalfe, C.R. 1987. Anatomy of the dicotyledons, 2nd edn., III. Oxford: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
  11. Mohana Rao, P.R. 1983. Seed and fruit anatomy in Eupomatia laurina with a discussion of the affinities of Eupomatiaceae. Flora 173: 311–319.Google Scholar
  12. Morawetz, W. 1988. Karyosystematics and evolution of Australian Annonaceae as compared with Eupomatiaceae, Himantandraceae, and Austrobaileyaceae. Pl. Syst. Evol. 159: 49–79.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Raven, P.R., Kyhos, D.W. 1965. New evidence concerning the original basic chromosome number of angiosperms. Evolution 19: 244–248.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Read, R.W., Taylor, W.C. 1979. Constituents of Eupomatia species. V. The isolation of eupomatenoid-13 (a new neolignan), (±)-trans-Dehydrodiisoeugenol, and other extractives from the bark of Eupomatia laurina. Aust. J. Chem. 32: 2317–2321.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Sugiyama, M. 1976. Comparative studies of the vascular system of node-leaf continuum in woody Ranales. II. Node-leaf vascular system of Eupomatia laurina R. Br. J. Jpn. Bot. 51: 169–174.Google Scholar
  16. Takahashi, A. 1985. Wood anatomical studies of Polycarpicae. I. Magnoliales. Sci. Rep. Osaka Univ. 34: 29–83.Google Scholar
  17. Takhtajan, A. 1980b. See general references.Google Scholar
  18. Taylor, W.C. 1985. Eupomatia alkaloids. Alkaloids 24: 1–23.Google Scholar
  19. Woodland, P.S., Garlick, P.R. 1982. The fine structure of the pollen of Eupomatiaceae. Aust. J. Bot. 30: 297–301.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Young, D.A. 1983. Leaf flavonoids of Eupomatiaceae. Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 11: 209–210.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. K. Endress

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations