• P. K. Endress
Part of the The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants book series (FAMILIES GENERA, volume 2)


Shrubs or subshrubs. Leaves distichous, margin entire; blade simple; stipules absent; indumentum absent or present on young shoots. Flowers in leaf axils or terminal on longer shoots, not forming well-circumscribed inflorescences. Flowers cream, or yellow and red, bisexual, actinomorphic, spiral, epigynous; receptacle urceolate; sepals and petals absent, but floral envelope constituting a cap consisting of one or two fused bracts. Stamens about 20–100, tetrasporangiate; filaments short, broad, anthers basifixed, introrse, opening with longitudinal slits that bifurcate at both ends; inner staminodes about 40–80 with marginal and laminal glands; stamens and staminodes basally united, forming a synandrium; carpels about 13–70, syncarpous (but spiral!), styles absent; ovules 2–11 per carpel, anatropous, apotropous, bitegmic, crassinucellar, in two series along ventral side of carpels. Fruits fleshy berries, seeds ruminated; endosperm fleshy (oily); embryo straight, small, dicotyledonous.


Leaf Axil Longe Shoot Longitudinal Slit Petiolar Wing Spiral Phyllotaxis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1993

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  • P. K. Endress

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