• K. Kubitzki
Part of the The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants book series (FAMILIES GENERA, volume 2)


Perennial or annual herbs without latex; stems erect or twining, either scabrous or armed with rigid climbing hairs, and often with glandular trichomes. Leaves palmately compound or lobed, sometimes simple, petiolate, serrate, generally decussate, near the stem apex often alternate; stipules triangular, sometimes fused laterally, persistent. Plants dioecious, rarely monoecious, vegetatively dimorphic or not. Male inflorescences bracteate thyrses; staminate flowers pedicellate, regular, with 5 free tepals; stamens 5, antitepalous, erect in bud; anthers tetrasporangiate, with longitudinal dehiscence; female inflorescences basically cymose, spicate; perianth uniseriate, at maturity tightly appressed to the ovary; ovary bicarpellate, superior, unilocular, with 1 bitegmic, anatropous, crassinucellar ovule pendent from near the apex of the locule; style branches 2, filiform. Fruit an achene covered by the perianth. Seed 1; endosperm sparse, fleshy; embryo curved or spirally coiled.


Glandular Trichome Staminate Flower Hemp Fibre Annual Herb Female Inflorescence 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1993

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  • K. Kubitzki

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