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Calycanthaceae

  • K. Kubitzki
Chapter
Part of the The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants book series (FAMILIES GENERA, volume 2)

Abstract

Shrubs or trees with aromatic bark and ethereal oil cells in parenchymatous tissue; evergreen or deciduous; hairs unicellular; leaves opposite, simple, entire; stipules absent; flowers solitary, or in few-flowered terminal inflorescences, perfect, perigynous, with a cup-shaped or urceolate receptacle; all floral phyllomes arranged in a continuous spiral; perianth of 15–40 petaloid tepals spirally attached to the outside of the receptacle; stamens 5–30, inserted on the rim of the receptacle; filaments short or absent; pollen sacs 2, abaxial, extrorse, opening by longitudinal slits; connectives prolonged beyond the pollen sacs; staminodes numerous, lining the inner surface of the receptacle; gynoecium of one to few or of many free carpels; ovule solitary, basal, anatropous, crassinucellar, bitegmic, sometimes a second, upper, aborting ovule present in each carpel. Fruit or fruits indehiscent, dry, enclosed in the receptacle; seeds poisonous, exalbuminous; cotyledons 2–4, massive, or spirally twisted.

Keywords

Perforation Plate Pollen Morphology Wood Anatomy Deciduous Shrub Food Body 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Kubitzki

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