Advertisement

Cabombaceae

  • P. S. Williamson
  • E. L. Schneider
Chapter
Part of the The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants book series (FAMILIES GENERA, volume 2)

Abstract

Aquatic, herbaceous perennials, producing cylindrical, slender, elongate, branching rhizomes which root at the nodes. Submersed parts of the plant covered with a gelationous sheath. Leaves simple, petiolate, floating or submersed; phyllotaxy alternate or opposite (decussate), rarely whorled (ternate). Floating blades narrowly-broadly elliptic, peltate, margins entire; venation actinodromous. Submersed blades palmately dissected into 5–7 parts, each part divided dichotomously and trichotomously several times into many narrow linear segments (Cabomba) or entire, non-peltate in juvenile leaves of Brasenia. Flowers, typically emergent, solitary on long axillary or extra-axillary peduncles, perfect, actinomorphic, and hypogynous. Sepals (2−)3(−4), petals (2−)3(−4), stamens 3–36. Carpels (1−)2–18, apocarpous. Ovules (1−)2–3, anatropous. Fruits aggregate with leathery pericarp; indéhiscent or dehiscent with 1–3 operculate seeds.

Keywords

Pollination Biology Floral Anatomy Floating Leaf Foliar Sclereid Receptive Stigma 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Selected Bibliography

  1. Batygina, T.B., Kravtsova, T.I., Shamrov, I.I. 1980. Comparative embryology of some representatives of the orders Nymphaeales and Nelumbonales. Bot. Žh. (Leningr.) 65: 1071–1087.Google Scholar
  2. Bukowiecki, H., Furmanowa, M., Oledzka, H. 1972. The numerical taxonomy of Nymphaeaceae Bentham et Hooker. Acta Pol. Pharm. 29: 319–327.Google Scholar
  3. Chifflot, J.B.J. 1902. Contributions a l’étude de la classe des nymphéinées. Ann. Univ. Lyon, N.S. 1 Sci. Med. 10: 19–38.Google Scholar
  4. Chrysler, M. A. 1938. The winter buds of Brasenia. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 65: 277–283.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Clarke, G.C.S., Jones, M.R. 1981. Cabombaceae. Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol. 33: 51–55.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Collinson, M.E. 1980. Recent and tertiary seeds of the Nymphaeaceae sensu lato with a revision of Brasenia ovula (Brong.) Reid and Chandler. Ann. Bot. 46: 603–632.Google Scholar
  7. Dorofeev, P.I. 1984. The taxonomy and history of the genus Brasenia (Cabombaceae). Bot. Zh. (Leningr.) 69: 137–148.Google Scholar
  8. Fassett, N. C. 1953. A monograph of Cabomba. Castanea 13: 116–128.Google Scholar
  9. Galati, B. 1981. The ontogeny of hairs and stomata of Cabomba australis (Nymphaeaceae). Lilloa 35: 149–158.Google Scholar
  10. Goleniewska-Furmanowa, M. 1970. Comparative leaf anatomy and alkaloid content in the Nymphaeaceae. Monogr. Bot. 31: 1–55.Google Scholar
  11. Hegnauer, R. 1964. See general references.Google Scholar
  12. Inamdar, J.A., Aleykutty, K.M. 1979. Studies on Cabomba aquatica (Cabombaceae). Pl. Syst. Evol. 132: 161–166.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Ito, M. 1986. Studies in the floral morphology and anatomy of Nymphaeales III. Floral anatomy of Brasenia schreberi Gmel. and Cabomba caroliniana A. Gray. Bot. Mag. Tokyo 99: 169–184.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Ito, M. 1987. Phylogenetic systematics of the Nymphaeales. Bot. Mag. Tokyo 100: 17–36.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Kakuta, M., Misaki, A. 1979. The polysaccharide of Junsai (Brasenia schreberi) mucilage: fragmentation analysis by successive Smith degradations and partial acid hydrolysis. Agric. Biol. Chem. 43: 1269–1276.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Kaul, R.B. 1976. Anatomical observations on floating leaves. Aquat. Bot. 2: 215–234.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Khanna, P. 1965. Morphological and embryological studies in Nymphaeceae II. Brasenia schreberi Gmel. and Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn. Aust. J. Bot. 13: 379–387.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Kosakai, H. 1968. The comparative xylary anatomy of various Nymphaeaceae. M.A. Dissertation, Univ. Calif., Santa Barbara.Google Scholar
  19. Langlet, O., Söderberg, E. 1929. Über die Chromosomenzahlen einiger Nymphaeaceen. Acta Horti Bergiani 9: 85–104.Google Scholar
  20. Les, D. H. 1988. The origin and affinities of the Ceratophyllaceae. Taxon 37: 326–345.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Les, D.H. Garvin, D.K. Wimpee, C.F. 1991. Molecular evolutionary history of ancient aquatic angiosperms. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 88: 10119–10123.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Moseley, M.F., Mehta, I.J., Williamson, P.S., Kosakai, H. 1984. Morphological studies of the Nymphaeaceae. XIII. Contributions to the vegetative and floral structure of Cabomba. Amer.J. Bot. 71: 902–924.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Ni, X-M. 1989. Recent development with aquatic plants and water gardens in China. Water Garden Jour. 5: 36–43.Google Scholar
  24. Nitzschke, J. 1914. Beiträge zur Phylogenie der Monokotylen, gegründet auf die Embryosackentwicklung apokarper Nymphaeaceen Helobien. Cohns Beitr. Biol. Pflanz. 12: 223–267.Google Scholar
  25. Okada, H., Tamura, M. 1981. Karyomorphological study on the Nymphaeales. J. Jpn. Bot. 56: 367–375.Google Scholar
  26. Ørgaard, M. 1991. The genus Cabomba (Cabombaceae) — a taxonomic study. Nord. J. Bot. 11: 179–203.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Osborn, J. M., Schneider, E.L. 1988. Morphological studies of the Nymphaeaceae sensu lato. XVI. The floral biology of Brasenia schreberi. Ann. Mo. Bot. Gard. 75: 778–794.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Osborn, J.M., Taylor, T.N., Schneider, E.L. 1991. Pollen morphology and ultrastructure of the Cabombaceae: Correlations with pollination biology. Amer. J. Bot. 78: 1367–1378.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Raciborski, M. 1894. Die Morphologie der Cabombeen and Nymphaeaceen. Flora 78: 244–279.Google Scholar
  30. Ramji, M.V., Padmanabhan, D. 1965. Developmental studies on Cabomba caroliniana Gray. I. Ovule and carpel. Proc. Indian Acad. Sci. 62B: 215–223.Google Scholar
  31. Rao, T.A., Banerjee, B. C. 1979. On foliar sclereids in the Nymphaeaceae sensu lato and their use in familial classification. Proc. Indian Acad. Sci. 88: 413–422.Google Scholar
  32. Rataj, K. 1977. A new species of Cabomba of the Negro river, Amazonas, Brazil. Acta Amazonica 7: 143.Google Scholar
  33. Richardson, F.C. 1969. Morphological studies of the Nymphaeaceae. IV. Structure and development of the flower of Brasenia schreberi Gmel. Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 47: 1–101.Google Scholar
  34. Schneider, E.L., Jeter, J.M. 1982. Morphological studies of the Nymphaeaceae. XII. The floral biology of Cabomba caroliniana. Amer. J. Bot. 69: 1410–1419.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Schrenk, J. 1888. On the histology of the vegetative organs of Brasenia peltata, Pursh. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 15: 29–49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Turlier, M-F. 1984. Early leaf organogenesis in heterophyllous dicotyledons. The case of Cabomba aquatica (Nymphaeaceae). Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. Lett. Bot. 131: 301–314.Google Scholar
  37. Vinogradov, I.S. 1967. Sistema semeistva Nymphaeaceae na osnove analiza morfologicheskogo stroya. Zap. Centr. Kavkazsk Otd. Vsesojuzn. Bot. Obsc. 2: 5–11.Google Scholar
  38. Voronkina, N. V 1974. Anatomical structure of the root apex in Nymphaeales J. Schaffner. Bot. Zh. (Leningr.) 59: 1417–1424.Google Scholar
  39. Walker, J. W. 1974. Aperture evolution in the pollen of primitive angiosperms. Amer. J. Bot. 61: 1112–1136.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Walker, J. W. 1976. Evolutionary significance of the exine in the pollen of primitive angiosperms. In: Ferguson, I.K., Muller, J. (Eds.) The evolutionary significance of the exine. New York: Academic Press, (Linn. Soc. Symp. Ser. No. 1) pp. 251–308.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. S. Williamson
  • E. L. Schneider

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations