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Berberidaceae

  • H. Loconte
Chapter
Part of the The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants book series (FAMILIES GENERA, volume 2)

Abstract

Rhizomatous or tuberous herbs or woody shrubs. Leaves deciduous or evergreen; radical or alternate; short shoots (Berberis); decompound, compound, or simple; unlobed or lobed; venation pinnate or palmate; margins entire, toothed, or spinulose; leaf bases simple, sheathing, or stipulate; nodal spines (Berberis). Inflorescence cymose, paniculate, racemose, or a solitary flower; bracteate or ebracteate. Flowers hypogynous, perfect. Perianth tepaloid and helicalcyclic, or with sepals and nectariferous staminodia, with a transition to taxa with petals (either nectariferous or non-nectariferous), or perianth absent (Achlys); 3-merous or 2-merous (Epimedium); bicyclic. Stamens 3, 3-merous or 2-merous (Epimedium), sometimes more by proliferation; bicyclic and opposite the perianth; anther dehiscence valvate, or longitudinal. Pistil solitary, 1-carpellate. Ovules one to many; placentation marginal or basal. Fruit a berry, utricle, or follicle. Seeds albuminous with a rudimentary embryo. x = 6, 7, 8, 10.

Keywords

North America Short Shoot Anther Dehiscence Floral Anatomy Woody Shrub 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Loconte

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