• C. R. Sperling
  • V. Bittrich
Part of the The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants book series (FAMILIES GENERA, volume 2)


Short-lived perennials, usually glabrous vines, or decumbent to procumbent herbs; roots often thickened; entire plants fleshy, mucilaginous, lacking anomalous secondary growth. Leaves alternate or subopposite at base, simple, usually entire, exstipulate; stomata parallelocytic or anomocytic. Inflorescences bracteate spikes, racemes, panicles or dichasia, indeterminate or pseudodeterminate. Pedicels with two bracteoles subtending the flower. Flowers bisexual, rarely functionally unisexual, actinomorphic, chasmogamous or cleistogamous. Sepals 2, coloured, free to base or partly connate. Petals 5 (4–13), connate at base for 1/2 their length. Stamens 5 (4–9), epipetalous, connate at base and adnate to the corolla. Nectary annular. Ovary superior, 3-carpellate, unilocular with one basal ovule. Fruit a thin-walled nutlet, surrounded by the parchment like or fleshy perianth. Seeds with a membranous testa; embryo annular to cochleate, perisperm scanty.


Pollen Morphology Staminal Tube Fossil History Greenish White Intraxylary Phloem 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Selected Bibliography

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. R. Sperling
  • V. Bittrich

There are no affiliations available

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