Advertisement

Introduction

  • Joachim Stöhr
Part of the Springer Series in Surface Sciences book series (SSSUR, volume 25)

Abstract

In this first chapter we outline the reasons for writing a book about the near edge X-ray absorption fine structure, or NEXAFS, technique, and explain why the application of the technique to the study of molecules bonded to surfaces is particularly important and interesting. A historical perspective of the development of NEXAFS spectroscopy is also given.

Keywords

Edge Structure Intramolecular Bond Chemisorb Molecule Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory NEXAFS Spectroscopy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.1
    L. Stryer: Biochemistry (Freeman, New York 1988).Google Scholar
  2. 1.2
    M. Van Hove, W. Weinberg, C.-M. Chan: Low-Energy Electron Diffraction, Springer Ser. Surf. Sci., Vol. 6 (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg 1986).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 1.3
    G.A. Somorjai: Chemistry in Two Dimensions: Surfaces (Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY 1981).Google Scholar
  4. 1.4
    D.A. King, D.P. Woodruff (eds.): The Chemical Physics of Solid Surfaces and Heterogeneous Catalysis, Vol. 4 (Elsevier, Amsterdam 1982).Google Scholar
  5. 1.5
    G. Ertl: J. Vac. Sci. Technol. 1, 1247 (1984).ADSGoogle Scholar
  6. 1.6
    See for example: R. Jaccodine, K.A. Jackson, R.C. Sundahl (eds.): Electronic Packaging Materials Science III, Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc, Vol. 108 (Materials Research Society, Pittsburgh, 1988).Google Scholar
  7. 1.7
    P.H. Citrin: J. de Phys., Colloq. C8, 437 (1986).Google Scholar
  8. 1.8
    J. Stöhr: In X-ray Absorption: Principles, Applications, Techniques of EXAFS, SEXAFS and XANES, ed. by D. C. Koningsberger, R. Prins (Wiley, New York 1988) p. 443.Google Scholar
  9. 1.9
    W. Kossel: Z. Phys. 1, 119 (1920).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. W. Kossel: Z. Phys. 2, 470 (1920).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 1.10
    R. de L. Kronig: Z. Phys. 70, 317 (1931).ADSMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. R. de L. Kronig: Z. Phys. 75, 468 (1932).ADSMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 1.11
    For reviews of EXAFS spectroscopy see: B.K. Teo, D.C. Joy (eds.): EXAFS Spectroscopy, Techniques and Applications (Plenum Press, New York 1981).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. P.A. Lee, P.H. Citrin, P. Eisenberger, B.M. Kincaid: Rev. Mod. Phys. 53, 769 (1981).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. B.K. Teo: EXAFS: Basic Principles and Data Analysis, Inorganic Chemistry Concepts, Vol. 9 (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg 1986).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. D.C. Koningsberger, R. Prins (eds.) Principles, Applications, Techniques of EXAFS, SEXAFS and XANES (Wiley, New York 1988).Google Scholar
  17. 1.12
    C.E. Brion: Comments At. Mol. Phys. 16, 249 (1985).Google Scholar
  18. 1.13
    For a tabulation of ISEELS spectra see: A.P. Hitchcock: J. Electron Spectrosc. 25, 245 (1982). An update is available from the author on request.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 1.14
    G.R. Wight, C.E. Brion, M.J. van der Wiel: J. Electron Spectrosc. 1, 457 (1973).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 1.15
    J.L. Dehmer, D. Dill: Phys. Rev. Lett. 35, 213 (1975).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. J.L. Dehmer, D. Dill: J. Chem. Phys. 65, 5327 (1976).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 1.16
    J.L. Dehmer, D. Dill, A.C. Parr: In Photophysics and Photochemistry in the Vacuum Ultraviolet, ed. by S.P. McGlynn, G. Findley, R. Huebner (Reidel, Dordrecht 1985).Google Scholar
  23. 1.17
    P.J. Durham: In X-ray Absorption: Principles, Applications, Techniques of EXAFS, SEXAFS and XANES, ed. by D.C. Koningsberger, R. Prins (Wiley, New York 1988) p. 53.Google Scholar
  24. 1.18
    A. Bianconi: In X-ray Absorption: Principles, Applications, Techniques of EXAFS, SEXAFS and XANES, ed. by D.C. Koningsberger, R. Prins (Wiley, New York 1988) p. 573.Google Scholar
  25. 1.19
    A. Bianconi: Appl. Surf. Sci. 6, 392 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 1.20
    J. Stöhr, R. Jaeger: Phys. Rev. B 26, 4111 (1982).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 1.21
    G. Comelli, J. Stöhr, W. Jark, B. Pate: Phys. Rev. B 37, 4383 (1988).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 1.22
    G. Comelli, J. Stöhr: Surf. Sci. 200, 35 (1988).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 1.23
    G. Comelli, J. Stöhr, C.J. Robinson, W. Jark: Phys. Rev. B 38, 7511 (1988).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 1.24
    J. Stöhr, K. Baberschke, R. Jaeger, T. Treichler, S. Brennan: Phys. Rev. Lett. 47, 381 (1981).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 1.25
    R. Jaeger, J. Stöhr, R. Treichler, K. Baberschke: Phys. Rev. Lett. 47, 1300 (1981).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 1.26
    J. Stöhr: J. Vac. Sci. Technol. 16, 37 (1979).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 1.27
    J. Stöhr, R. Jaeger, J. Feldhaus, S. Brennan, D. Norman, G. Apai: Appl. Opt. 19, 3911 (1980).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 1.28
    P.H. Citrin, P. Eisenberger, R.C. Hewitt: Phys. Rev. Lett. 41, 309 (1978).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 1.29
    J. Stöhr, D. Denley, P. Perfetti: Phys. Rev. B 18, 4132 (1978).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 1.30
    P.H. Citrin, P. Eisenberger, R.C. Hewitt: Surf. Sci. 89, 28 (1979).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 1.31
    J. Stöhr, L. Johansson, I. Lindau, P. Pianetta: Phys. Rev. B 20, 664 (1979).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 1.32
    J.W. Davenport: Phys. Rev. Lett. 36, 945 (1976).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 1.33
    S. Wallace, D. Dill: Phys. Rev. B 17, 1692 (1978).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 1.34
    J. Stöhr, J.L. Gland, W. Eberhardt, D. Outka, R.J. Madix, F. Sette, R.J. Koestner, U. Döbler: Phys. Rev. Lett. 51, 2414 (1983).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 1.35
    A.L. Johnson, E.L. Muetterties, J. Stöhr: J. Am. Chem. Soc. 105, 7183 (1983).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 1.36
    A.P. Hitchcock, S. Beaulieu, T. Steel, J. Stöhr, F. Sette: J. Chem. Phys. 80, 3927 (1984).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 1.37
    F. Sette, J. Stöhr, A.P. Hitchcock: J. Chem. Phys. 81, 4906 (1984).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 1.38
    J. Stöhr, F. Sette, A.L. Johnson: Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 1684 (1984).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 1.39
    J. Stöhr, J.L. Gland, E.B. Kollin, R.J. Koestner, A.L. Johnson, E.L. Muetterties, F. Sette: Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 2161 (1984).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 1.40
    R.J. Koestner, J. Stöhr, J.L. Gland, J.A. Horsley: Chem. Phys. Lett. 105, 332 (1984).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 1.41
    J.A. Horsley, J. Stöhr, R.J. Koestner: J. Chem. Phys. 83, 3146 (1985).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 1.42
    F. Sette, J. Stöhr, E.B. Kollin, D.J. Dwyer, J.L. Gland, J.L. Robbins, A.L. Johnson: Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 935 (1985).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 1.43
    R.J. Koestner, J. Stöhr, J. L. Gland, E.B. Kollin, F. Sette: Chem. Phys. Lett. 120, 285 (1985).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 1.44
    M. Bader, J. Haase, K.-H. Frank, A. Puschmann, A. Otto: Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 1921 (1986).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 1.45
    J. Stöhr, E.B. Kollin, D.A. Fischer, J.B. Hastings, F. Zaera, F. Sette: Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 1468 (1985).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 1.46
    D.A. Fischer, J.B. Hastings, F. Zaera, J. Stöhr, F. Sette: Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 246, 561 (1986).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. 1.47
    D.A. Fischer, U. Döbler, D. Arvanitis, L. Wenzel, K. Baberschke, J. Stöhr: Surf. Sci. 177, 114 (1986).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. 1.48
    D. Arvanitis, U. Döbler, L. Wenzel, K. Baberschke, J. Stöhr: J. de Phys., Colloq. C8, 173 (1986).Google Scholar
  55. 1.49
    F. Zaera, D.A. Fischer, S. Shen, J.L. Gland: Surf. Sci. 194, 205 (1988).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 1.50
    A.P. Hitchcock: J. de Phys., Colloq. C8, 575 (1986).Google Scholar
  57. 1.51
    A.P. Hitchcock, D.C. Newbury, I. Ishii, J. Stöhr, J.A. Horsley, R.D. Redwing, A.L. Johnson, F. Sette: J. Chem. Phys. 85, 4849 (1986).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. 1.52
    A.P. Hitchcock, J.A. Horsley, J. Stöhr: J. Chem. Phys. 85, 4835 (1986).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. 1.53
    J.P. Doering, A. Gedanken, A.P. Hitchcock, P. Fischer, J. Moore, J.K. Olthoff, J. Tossell, K. Raghavachari, M.B. Robin: J. Am. Chem. Soc. 108, 3602 (1986).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. 1.54
    D.C. Newbury, I. Ishii, A.P. Hitchcock: Can. J. Chem. 64, 1145 (1986).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. 1.55
    A.P. Hitchcock, I. Ishii: J. Electron Spectrosc. 42, 11 (1987).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. 1.56
    A.P. Hitchcock, P. Fischer, A. Gedanken, M.B. Robin: J. Am. Chem. Soc. 91, 531 (1987).Google Scholar
  63. 1.57
    I. Ishii, A.P. Hitchcock: J. Electron Spectrosc. 46, 55 (1988).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. 1.58
    A.P. Hitchcock, G. Tourillon, R. Garrett, N. Lazarz: J. Phys. Chem. 93, 7624 (1989).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. 1.59
    C.A. Kovac, J.L. Jordan, R.A. Pollak: Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 72, 247 (1986).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. 1.60
    D.A. Outka, J. Stöhr, J.P. Rabe, J. Swalen, H.H. Rotermund: Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 1321 (1987).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. 1.61
    G. Tourillon, E. Dartyge, A. Fontaine, R. Garrett, M. Sagurton, P. Xu, G.P. Williams: Europhys. Lett. 4, 1391 (1987).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. 1.62
    G. Tourillon, A. Fontaine, Y. Jugnet, Tran Minh Duc, W. Braun, J. Feldhaus, E. Holub-Krappe: Phys. Rev. B 36, 3483 (1987).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. 1.63
    G. Tourillon, A. Fontaine, R. Garrett, M. Sagurton, P. Xu, G.P. Williams: Phys. Rev. B 35, 9863 (1987).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. 1.64
    V.R. McCrary, F. Sette, C.T. Chen, A.J. Lovinger, M.B. Robin, J. Stöhr, J.M. Zeitler: J. Chem. Phys. 88, 5925 (1988).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. 1.65
    G. Tourillon, C. Mahatsekake, C. Andrieu, G.P. Williams, R.F. Garrett, W. Braun: Surf. Sci. 201, 171 (1988).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. 1.66
    G. Tourillon, A.M. Flank, P. Lagarde: J. Phys. Chem. 92, 4397 (1988).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. 1.67
    J.L. Jordan-Sweet, C.A. Kovac, M.J. Goldberg, J.F. Morar: J. Chem. Phys. 89, 2482 (1988).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. 1.68
    A.P. Hitchcock, G. Tourillon, W. Braun: Can. J. Chem. 67, 1819 (1989).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. 1.69
    A.P. Hitchcock, G. Tourillon, R. Garrett, G.P. Williams, C. Mahatsekake, C. Andrieu: J. Phys. Chem. 94, 2327 (1990).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. 1.70
    J.A. Horsley: In Chemistry and Physics of Solid Surfaces VII, ed. by V.R. Vanselow, R. Howe, Springer Ser. Surf. Sci., Vol. 10 (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg 1988) p. 183.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. 1.71
    W. Wurth, J. Stöhr: Vacuum 41, 237 (1990); Unpublished results.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. 1.72
    D.A. Outka, J. Stöhr, R.J. Madix, H.H. Rotermund, B. Hermsmeier, J. Solomon: Surf. Sci. 185, 53 (1987).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. 1.73
    D.A. Outka, J. Stöhr: In Chemistry and Physics of Solid Surfaces VII, by V.R. Vanselow, R. Howe, Springer Ser. Surf. Sci., Vol. 10 (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg 1988) p. 201.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. 1.74
    F. Sette, C.T. Chen: Rev. Sci. Instrum. 60, 1616 (1989).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. C.T. Chen, F. Sette: Phys. Scr. T31, 119 (1990).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. 1.75
    P.A. Heimann et al.: Phys. Scr. T31, 127 (1990).MathSciNetADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. 1.76
    Y. Ma, F. Sette, G. Meigs, S. Modesti, C.T. Chen: Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 2044 (1989).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. 1.77
    H. Rabus, D. Arvanitis, M. Domke, A. Puschmann, L. Wenzel, G. Comelli, G. Kaindl, K. Baberschke: Phys. Scr. T31, 131 (1990).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. 1.78
    W. Wurth, J. Stöhr, P. Feulner, X. Pan, K.R. Bauchspieß, Y. Baba, E. Hudel, G. Rocker, and D. Menzel: Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 2426 (1990).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joachim Stöhr
    • 1
  1. 1.IBM Almaden Research CenterSan JoseUSA

Personalised recommendations