Slow Particle-Induced Electron Emission from Above and Below Metal Surfaces

  • H. Winter
Conference paper
Part of the Research Reports in Physics book series (RESREPORTS)


Electron emission caused from bombardment of metal surfaces with slow heavy particles can be initiated by the kinetic as well as potential energy of the projectiles. After shortly recapitulating our present knowledge on kinetic (“KE”) and potential emission (“PE”) processes, we describe a new experimental technique for their study by virtue of the related electron emission statistics (“ES”). The value of ES measurements will then be demonstrated in several case studies on the following topics.


Impact Energy Electron Emission Total Electron Yield Related Electron Flux Clean Gold 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    H.D. Hagstrum, Phys.Rev. 96 (1954) 325; 336CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 1b.
    P. Varga, Comments At.Mol.Phys. 23(1989)111Google Scholar
  3. 2.
    J. Schou, Phys.Rev. B 22(1980)214CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 2b.
    P.C. Zalm and L.J. Beckers, Philips J.Res. 39(1984)61;Google Scholar
  5. 2b.
    P.C. Zalm and L.J. Beckers, Surface Sci. 152/153(1985)135CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 2c.
    D. Hasselkamp, Comments At.Mol.Phys. 21(1988)241CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 2d.
    W.O. Hofer, Scanning Micr. Suppl. 4(1990)Google Scholar
  8. 3.
    G. Lakits, F. Aumayr and H. Winter, Rev.Sci.Instrum. 60(1989)3151CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 3b.
    F. Aumayr, G. Lakits and H. Winter, Appl. Surface Sci. 47(1991)139CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 4.
    G. Lakits, F. Aumayr, M. Heim and H. Winter, Phys.Rev. A 42(1990)5780CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 5.
    G. Lakits, F. Aumayr and H. Winter, Phys. Letters A 139(1989)395CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 6.
    E.V. Alonso, M.A. Alurralde and R.A. Baragiola, Surface Science 166(1986)L155CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 7.
    E.V. Alonso, R.A. Baragiola, J. Ferrön, M.M. Jakas and A. Oliva-Florio, Phys.Rev. B 22(1980)80CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 8.
    G. Lakits, F. Aumayr and H. Winter, Europhys. Lett. 10(1989)679CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 9.
    G. Lakits, A. Arnau and H. Winter, Phys.Rev. B 42(1990)15CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 10.
    M. Heim, diploma thesis, TU Wien (1990, unpublished)Google Scholar
  17. 11.
    G. Lakits and H. Winter, Nucl.Instrum.Meth.Phys.Res. B 48(1990)597CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 12.
    PI.J. Andrä, Nucl.Instrum.Meth.Phys.Res. B 43(1989)306CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 13.
    H. Winter, Z.Phys. D: Atoms, Molecules and Clusters (1991, in print) P. Varga and H. Winter in Particle-induced Electron Emission. Springer Tracts in Modern Physics (1991, in print)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Winter
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Allgemeine PhysikTechnische Universität WienWienAustria

Personalised recommendations