The Relationship Between Cardiovascular Responses in the Laboratory and in the Field: The Importance of “Active Coping”

  • D. W. Johnston
  • P. Anastasiades
  • C. Vögele
  • D. M. Clark
  • C. Kitson
  • A. Steptoe


The cardiovascular response to psychological stimuli is central to current research and theorising on the psychophysiological and neurogenic aspects of cardiovascular disease. It is implicated in the development of hypertension (Folkow 1982; Obrist 1981; Fredrikson and Matthews 1990), coronary atherosclerosis (Manuck et al. 1983), and as the physiological mechanism linking type A behaviour and coronary heart disease or even as a risk factor in its own right (Krantz and Manuck 1984). Outside the area of cardiovascular disease, cardiovascular reactivity is related to the development and maintenance of anxiety and panic disorders (Clark 1986; Ehlers et al. 1988).


Heart Rate Variability Cardiovascular Response Active Coping Mental Arithmetic Cardiovascular Reactivity 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. W. Johnston
  • P. Anastasiades
  • C. Vögele
  • D. M. Clark
  • C. Kitson
  • A. Steptoe

There are no affiliations available

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