Respiratory System

  • R. V. Krstić


The respiratory system comprises all organs involved in intake of oxygen and elimination of carbon dioxide. Fig. 1. The respiratory system may be divided into the following functional components:
  • Conducting portion, which functions to conduct, warm, moisten, and filter inspired air (nasal cavity, NC, with associated sinuses, Si; nasopharynx, Nph; larynx, La; trachea, Tr; bronchial tree, BT).

  • Respiratory zone, which is responsible for gas exchang (lung alveoli, LA).

  • Ventilating portion, which carries out the inspiratory and expiratory movements (thoracic cage, TC; intercostal muscles, IM; diaphragm, D).


Lamina Propria Basal Lamina Olfactory Epithelium Bronchial Artery Alveolar Cell 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. V. Krstić
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut d’Histologie et d’EmbryologieUniversités de LausanneLausanneSwitzerland

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