Somaclonal Variation in Carnations

  • B. Leshem
Part of the Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry book series (AGRICULTURE, volume 11)

Abstract

The carnation (Dianthus caryophyllus L.) is a member of the Caryophyllaceae family. It is a semi-hardy perennial with branching stems, bearing linear, glaucous leaves in opposite and decussate pairs. Each stem forms a terminal flower and the inflorescence is a loose cyme. The flowering shoot can be treated for marketing in one of two forms: either the flower buds formed on short lateral shoots arising from the axils of the upper leaves are removed to leave one large, terminal flower on a long leafy stem (“standard” type), or the terminal flower bud is removed at an early stage to encourage more even development of the lateral flowers, which then produce a multiple-flowered stem (“spray” or “miniature” types). Special cultivars have been selected for spray production.

Keywords

Agar Europe Marketing Purine Gibberellin 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. Leshem
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Plant Genetics and BreedingARO. The Volcani CenterBet DaganIsrael

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