Grammitidaceae

  • B. S. Parris
Chapter
Part of the The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants book series (FAMILIES GENERA, volume 1)

Abstract

Epiphytic, sometimes terrestrial or rupestral ferns, with creeping to erect, simple or ± branched solenostelic stem usually bearing scales, occasionally glabrous. Petiole usually non-articulated to rhizome, terete, with a single vascular strand. Leaf usually bearing unicellular or multicellular, occasionally glandular, hairs which sometimes have unicellular or multicellular outgrowths. Lamina simple to tripinnate; veins free or occasionally casually anastomosing without free included veinlets, sometimes ending in a thickened apex or hydathode which may bear a white scale. Sori exindusiate, round or elongate, on the abaxial side of the lamina or submarginal, sometimes sunken in laminar tissue on the abaxial surface or at or near the margin, sometimes protected by the lamina being folded over them; receptacular appendages sometimes present; sporangia many, sometimes bearing hairs near the annulus, maturing at different times; annulus longitudinal, bow of c. 7–20 cells; stalk usually of one row of cells. Spores usually 64, sometimes 16 or 32 per sporangium, chlorophyllous, thin-walled, usually globose to tetrahedral with trilete laesura, papillate with scattered spherical deposit, sometimes somewhat verrucate, somewhat echinate in Calymmodon.

Keywords

Malaysia Prep Clathrate Oligocene Ecuador 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Bibliography

  1. Bishop, L. E. 1974. Revision of the genus Adenophorus ( Grammitidaceae ). Brittonia 26: 217–240.Google Scholar
  2. Bishop, L. E. 1977. The American species of Grammitis Sect. Grammitis. Amer. Fern J. 67: 101–106.Google Scholar
  3. Bishop, L. E. 1978. Revision of the genus Cochlidium (Grammitidaceae). Amer. Fern J. 68: 76–94.Google Scholar
  4. Christensen, C. 1929. Taxonomic fern studies I. Cochlidium. Dansk Bot. Ark. 6: 17–34.Google Scholar
  5. Christensen, C. 1938. Filicinae. In: Verdoorn, F. (Ed) Manual of pteridology. The Hague: Nijhoff, pp. 522–550Google Scholar
  6. Copeland, E. B. 1927. The genus Calymmodon. Philipp. J. Sci. 34: 259–269.Google Scholar
  7. Copeland, E. B. 1952 a. The American species of Xiphopteris. Amer. Fern J. 42: 41–52, 93–110.Google Scholar
  8. Copeland, E. B. 1952 b. Grammitis. Philipp. J. Sci. 80: 93–276.Google Scholar
  9. Copeland, E. B. 1956. Ctenopteris in America. Philipp. J. Sci. 84: 381–473.Google Scholar
  10. Copeland, E. B. 1960. Fern flora of the Philippines. Manila: Bureau of Printing.Google Scholar
  11. Gomez, L. D. Grammitis succinea, the first New World fern found in amber. Amer. Fern J. 72: 49–52.Google Scholar
  12. Hayata, B. 1928. On the systematic importance of the stelar system in the Filicales III. Bot. Mag. ( Tokyo ) 42: 334–348.Google Scholar
  13. Jarrett, F. M. 1980. Studies in the classification of the leptosporangiate ferns: I. The affinities of the Polypodiaceae sensu stricto and the Grammitidaceae. Kew Bull. 34: 825–833.Google Scholar
  14. Morton, C. V. 1967. The genus Grammitis in Ecuador. Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 38 (3): 85–123.Google Scholar
  15. Nayar, B. K. 1970. A phylogenetic classification of the homosporous ferns. Taxon 19: 229–236.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Parris, B. S. 1975. A revision of the genus Grammitis Sw. ( Filicales: Grammitidaceae) in Australia. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 70: 21–43.Google Scholar
  17. Parris, B. S. 1977. A naturally occurring hybrid in Grammitidaceae (Filicales): Ctenopteris heterophylla x Grammitis billardieri. New Zeal. J. Bot. 15: 597–599.Google Scholar
  18. Parris, B. S. 1983. A taxonomic revision of the genus Grammitis Swartz ( Grammitidaceae: Filicales) in New Guinea. Blumea 29: 13–222.Google Scholar
  19. Parris, B. S. 1984. Another intergeneric hybrid in Grammitidaceae: Ctenopteris longiceps x Grammitis sumatrana. Fern Gaz. 12 (6): 337–340.Google Scholar
  20. Parris, B. S. 1986. Grammitidaceae of Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore. Kew Bull. 41: 491–517.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Parris, B. S., Given, D. R. 1976. A taxonomic revision of the genus Grammitis Sw. ( Grammitidaceae: Filicales) in New Zealand. New Zeal. J. Bot. 14: 85–111.Google Scholar
  22. Price, M. G. 1983. Pecluma, a new tropical American fern genus. Amer. Fern J. 73: 109–116.Google Scholar
  23. Proctor, G. R. 1985. Ferns of Jamaica. London: British Museum (Natural History).Google Scholar
  24. Stokey, A. G., Atkinson, L. R. 1958. The gametophyte of the Grammitidaceae. Phytomorphology 8: 391–403.Google Scholar
  25. Stone, I. G. 1960. The gametophytes of Grammitis billardieri and Ctenopteris heterophylla. Aust. J. Bot. 8: 11–37.Google Scholar
  26. Wagner, F. S. 1985. Bilateral spores in New World grammitid ferns. Amer. Fern J. 75: 6–11.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. S. Parris

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations