Starting Materials

  • Fjodor A. Shutov
  • G. Henrici-Olivé
  • S. Olivé


The first patents in IF technology were granted between 1962 and 1964 to its two inventors, R. Angell (USA) and T. P. Engel (France). These patents pertained to integral polystyrene foam 1), and were later used as a basis in Europe and the USA for the production of the first commercial grades. Integral polystyrene foam was followed by integral polyolefin and poly(vinyl chloride) foams.


Nucleate Agent Mold Cavity Foam Core Zinc Stearate Butylene Terephthalate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fjodor A. Shutov
    • 1
  • G. Henrici-Olivé
  • S. Olivé
  1. 1.Department of Polymer Processing, Polymer FacultyMendeleev Institute of Chemistry and TechnologyMoscowUSSR

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