Terrestrial Ecosystems and Their Special Features

  • Heinrich Walter
  • Siegmar-W. Breckle


Research on ecosystems began in the field of limnology. Initially, therefore, only aquatic ecosystems were examined. The cycling of material in these aquatic systems, which can be represented as is thought of as being generally applicable. It is, however, not possible simply to extend this to terrestrial systems, which are far more complex in their structure. In terrestrial systems there are two parallel cycles, a short cycle and a long; in the short cycle, which is quantitatively the more important, consumers play a relatively minor role.


Terrestrial Ecosystem Dead Wood Litter Layer Tree Layer Forest Steppe 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Heinrich Walter
    • 1
  • Siegmar-W. Breckle
    • 2
  1. 1.Universität HohenheimStuttgart 70Germany
  2. 2.Universität BielefeldBielefeld 1Germany

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