Phenolic Antioxidants

  • Andre Knop
  • Louis A. Pilato


Most plastics are subjected to thermal or oxidative stresses during processing or on exposure. All polyolefins require stabilization against thermal, UV or metal-catalyzed oxidation. The combined oxygen and UV-radiation has an even greater destructive effect. The oxidation of polymers by molecular oxygen is in most instances a free radical chain reaction, with hydroperoxide as the primary product. Stabilizers can be effective as peroxide scavengers, metal deactivators, chain terminators and UV absorbers.


Peroxy Radical Flash Photolysis Phenolic Antioxidant Phenoxy Radical Peroxide Scavenger 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Lloyd, D. G.: Kautschuk u. Gummi-Kunststoffe 27, 477 (1974)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    D’Ianni, J.D., Widmer, H.: Gummi, Asbest, Kunststoffe 9, 718 (1973)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Voigt, J.: Stabilisierung der Kunststoffe gegen Licht und Wärme. Berlin, Heidelberg, New York: Springer 1966CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Rampley, D.N., Hasnip, J.A.: J. Oil Col. Chem. Assoc. 59, 356 (1976)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Mihajlovič, M. L., Cekovič, Z.: Oxidation and Reduction of Phenols. In: S. Patai, (ed.): The Chemistry of the Hydroxyl Group. New York: Interscience 1971Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Stone, T.J., Waters, W.A.: Chem. Soc. 213 (1964)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Allen, N. S., Parkinson, A., Loffelman, F. F., Susi, P. V.: Polym. Degrad. Stab. 5 (6) 403 (1983)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Kurze, W.: Antioxidantien In: Ullmanns Encyclopädie d. techn. Chem. 4. Ed. Weinheim: Verlag Chemie 1976Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ohkatsu, Y., Haruna, T., Osa, T.: J. Macromol. Sci.-Chem. All, 1975 (1977)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Roginskii, V.A.: “Sterically Hindered Phenols — Antioxidants for Polyolefines. Relation of Antioxidative Activity to Structure. Review”: Polymer Sci. USSR, 24, 2063–2088 (1982), Transl. Vysokomol, soyed. A 24, No. 9, 1808 (1982)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Bartz, K.W.: Polymer Preprints 25 (1) 74 (1984)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Roginskii, V.A. et al.: Eur. Polym. J. 13, 1043 (1977)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andre Knop
    • 1
  • Louis A. Pilato
    • 2
  1. 1.Rütgerswerke AGFrankfurtGermany
  2. 2.Temecon Group International Inc.Bound BrookUSA

Personalised recommendations