Impact Ionization and Avalanche Breakdown

  • Karlheinz Seeger
Part of the Springer Series in Solid-State Sciences book series (SSSOL, volume 40)


Some aspects of impact ionization and avalanche breakdown in semiconductors are similar to the corresponding phenomena in gaseous discharges. Semiconductors may serve as model substances for gaseous plasmas since their ionic charges are practically immobile and therefore the interpretation of experimental data is facilitated. Impact ionization has been achieved both in the bulk of homogeneously doped semiconductors at low temperatures and in p-n junctions at room temperature. We will discuss these cases separately.


Drift Velocity Impact Ionization Depletion Region Breakdown Field Auger Process 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 10.1
    G. Lautz: In Halbleiterprobleme, Vol .6, ed. by F. Sauter (Vieweg, Braunschweig 1961) p.21Google Scholar
  2. 10.2
    S.H. Koenig, G.R. Gunther-Mohr: J. Phys. Chem. Solids 2, 268 (1957)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 10.3
    N. Sclar, E. Burstein: J. Phys. Chem. Solids 2, 1 (1967)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 10.4
    K. Baumann, K. Kriechbaum, H. Kahlert: J. Phys. Chem. Solids 31, 1163 (1970)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 10.5
    S.H. Koenig: Proc. Int. Conf. Solid State Physics Brussels, 1958, ed. by M. Desirant (Academic, London 1960) p.422Google Scholar
  6. 10.6
    M. Lax: J. Phys. Chem. Solids 8, 66 (1959)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 10.7
    G. Bauer, F. Kuchar: Phys. Status Solidi (a) 13, 169 (1972)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 10.8
    W.P. Dumke: Phys. Rev. 167, 783 (1968)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 10.9
    R.C. Curby, D.K. Ferry: Phys. Status Solidi (a) 15, 319 (1973)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.10
    G. Nimtz: Proc. Int. Conf. Phys. Semicond. Cambridge MA, 1970, ed. by S.P. Keller, J.C. Hensel, F. Stern (USAEC, Oak Ridge, TN 1970) p.396Google Scholar
  11. 10.11
    A.L. McWhorter, R.H. Rediker: Proc. Int. Conf. Phys. Semicond. Prague, 1960 (Czech. Acad. Sciences, Prague 1960) p.134Google Scholar
  12. 10.12
    B.K. Ridley: Proc. Phys. Soc. London 81, 996 (1963)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 10.13
    A.M. Barnett: IBM-J. Res. Dev. 13, 522 (1969)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 10.14
    R.F. Kazarinov, V.G. Skobov: Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 42, 1047 (1962) [Engl . transl .: Sov. Phys. JETP 15, 726 (1962)]Google Scholar
  15. 10.15
    B. Ancker-Johnson: In Semiconductors and Semimetals, Vol .1, ed. by R.K. Willardson, A.C. Beer (Academic, New York 1966)Google Scholar
  16. 10.16
    A.G. Chynoweth, K.G. McKay: Phys. Rev. 108, 29 (1957)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 10.17
    A.G. Chynoweth: In Semiconductors and Semimetals, Vol .4, ed. by R.K. Willardson, A.C. Beer (Academic, New York 1968) p.263Google Scholar
  18. 10.18
    C.A. Lee, R.A. Logan, R.L. Batdorf, J.J. Kleimack, W. Wiegman: Phys. Rev. 134, A761 (1964)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 10.19
    S.M. Sze: Physics of Semiconductor Devices (Wiley, New York 1969) p.60Google Scholar
  20. 10.20
    G.A. Baraff: Phys. Rev. 128, 2507 (1962);MATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 10.20a
    G.A. Baraff: Phys. Rev. 133, A26 (1964)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 10.21
    J.E. Carroll : Hot Electron Microwave Generators (Arnold, London 1970)Google Scholar
  23. 10.22
    A.F. Gibson, J.W. Granville, E.G.S. Paige: J. Phys. Chem. Solids 19, 198 (1961)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 10.23
    A.E. Michel, M. I. Nathan, J.C. Marinace: J. Appl . Phys. 35, 3543 (1964)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 10.24
    W. Shockley: Bell Syst. Tech. J. 33, 799 (1954)Google Scholar
  26. 10.25
    W.T. Read: Bell . Syst. Tech. J. 37, 401 (1958)Google Scholar
  27. 10.26
    H. Hartnagel : Semiconductor Plasma Instabilities (Heinemann, London 1969)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • Karlheinz Seeger
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Ludwig Boltzmann Institut für FestkörperphysikWienAustria
  2. 2.Institut für FestkörperphysikUniversität WienWienAustria

Personalised recommendations