Finite Element Solution of the Lagrangian Equations of Unsteady Free-Surface Flows on Dry River Beds
A finite element model that solves the governing equations of a one-dimensional free-surface flow in the lagrangian form is presented. It offers the advantage of operating on a grid relating only to the initial configuration of the fluid, thus keening both trial functions and mass matrix time-independent. This technique is applied to the problem of propagation of a submersion wave on a dry river-bed.Numerical solutions are compared with analytical ones to be found in literature.
A comparison is also made,in terms of accuracy and computational effort,with a finite element model based on the eulerian formulation of the same problem.
KeywordsMass Matrix Hydraulic Resistance Trial Function Lagrangian Form Free Surface Elevation
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