Advertisement

Flux Pinning

  • Rudolf Peter Huebener
Part of the Springer Series in Solid-State Sciences book series (SSSOL, volume 6)

Abstract

In our discussion of flux motion induced by the Lorentz force or the thermal force we have seen that for flux flow to occur the driving force must exceed the pinning force. The pinning force then determines the critical current and the critical temperature gradient according to (7.8) and (9.3), respectively. Flux pinning can keep the superconductor from reaching thermodynamic equilibrium in its magnetic properties and causes irreversibilities in its magnetic behavior. In the following we shall discuss the critical state of the superconductor and the various mechanisms for flux pinning. The subject of flux pinning in type-II superconductors has been treated in the reviews by CAMPBELL and EVETTS [7.10] and by ULLMAIER [11.1].

Keywords

Critical Current Density Vortex Line Vortex Lattice Flux Line Flux Flow 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Bibliography

  1. 11.1
    H. Ullmaier: Irreversible Properties of Type II Superconductors, Springer Tracts in Modern Physics, Vol. 76 ( Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York 1975)Google Scholar
  2. 11.2
    J. Friedel, P.G. De Gennes, J. Matricon: Appl. Phys. Lett. 2, 119 (1963)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 11.3
    C.P. Bean: Phys. Rev. Lett. 8, 250 (1962)ADSMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 11.4
    Y.B. Kim, C.F. Hempstead, A.R. Strnad: Phys. Rev. Lett. 9, 306 (1962)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 11.5
    C.P. Bean: Rev. Mod. Phys. 36, 36 (1964)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 11.6
    H. Ullmaier: Phys. Status Solidi 17, 631 (1966)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 11.7
    A.M. Campbell: J. Phys. C. 2, 1492 (1969)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 11.8
    R.W. Rollins, H. Kupfer, W. Gey: J. Appl. Phys. 45, 5392 (1974)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 11.9
    J.R. Clem, H.R. Kerchner, S.T. Sekula: Phys. Rev. B 14, 1893 (1976)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 11.10
    H. Koppe: Phys. Status Solidi 17, K 229 (1966)Google Scholar
  11. 11.11
    W.T. Norris: J. Phys. D 3, 489 (1970)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 11.12
    W.T. Norris: J. Phys. D 4, 1358 (1971)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 11.13
    H. Ullmaier, R.H. Kernohan: Phys. Status Solidi 17, K 233 (1966)Google Scholar
  14. 11.14
    A. Migliori, R.J. Bartlett, R.D. Taylor: J. Appl. Phys. 47, 3266 (1976)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 11.15
    A. Migliori, R.D. Taylor, R.J. Bartlett: IEEE Trans. Magnetics, MAG 13, 198 (1977)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 11.16
    E. Nembach: Phys. Status Solidi 13, 543 (1966)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 11.17
    T.H. Alden, J.D. Livingston: J. Appl. Phys. 37, 3551 (1966)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 11.18
    R. Labusch: Cryst. Lattice Defects 1, 1 (1969)Google Scholar
  19. 11.19
    R. Labusch: Phys. Status Solidi 32, 439 (1969)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 11.20
    J. Lowell: J. Phys. F 2, 547 (1972)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 11.21
    J.A. Good, E.J. Kramer: Philos. Mag. 24, 339 (1971)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 11.22
    D. Dew-Hughes: Philos. Mag. 30, 293 (1974)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 11.23
    A.F. Hebard, A.T. Fiory, S. Somekh: IEEE Trans. Mag. 13, 589 (1977)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 11.24
    D. Saint-James, G. Sarma, E.J. Thomas: Type II Superconductivity ( Pergamon Press, Oxford 1969)Google Scholar
  25. 11.25
    D.D. Morrison, R.M. Rose: Phys. Rev. Lett. 25, 356 (1970)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 11.26
    P.S. Swartz, H.R. Hart: Phys. Rev. 137, 818 (1965)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 11.27
    Daldini, P. Martinoli, J.L. Olsen, G. Berner: Phys. Rev. Lett. 32, 218 (1974)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 11.28
    P. Martinoli, O. Daldini, C. Leemann, B. Van Den Brandt: Phys. Rev. Lett. 36, 382 (1976)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 11.29
    P. Martinoli: Phys. Rev. B. 17, 1175 (1978)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 11.30
    A.T. Fiory, A.F. Hebard, S. Somekh: Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 73 (1978)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 11.31
    H. Raffy, J.C. Renard, E. Guyon: Solid State Commun. 11, 1679 (1972)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 11.32
    H. Raffy, E. Guyon, J.C. Renard: Solid State Commun. 14, 427 (1974)Google Scholar
  33. 11.33
    H. Raffy, E. Guyon, J.C. Renard: Solid State Commun. 14, 431 (1974)Google Scholar
  34. 11.33a
    G. Antesberger, H. Ullmaier: Philos. Mag. 29, 1101 (1974)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 11.34
    C.P. Herring: Phys. Lett. 47A, 105 (1974)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 11.35
    W. Rodewald: Proceed. 6th Intern. Cryogenic Engineering Conf., ed. by K. Mendelssohn (IPC Science and Technology Press 1977) p. 400Google Scholar
  37. 11.36
    B. Lischke, W. Rodewald: Proc. Intern. Discussion Meeting on Flux Pinning in Superconductors, ed. by P. Haasen, H.C. Freyhardt ( Akademie der Wissenschaften, Göttingen 1974) p. 323Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rudolf Peter Huebener
    • 1
  1. 1.Lehrstuhl für Experimentalphysik II MorgenstellePhysikalisches InstitutTübingenFed. Rep. of Germany

Personalised recommendations