The Ionization Potentials and the Electronic Levels of the Aromatic Sextet


The ionization potentials of aromatic hydrocarbons can be measured by electron impact studies with the mass spectrograph,1 by the Rydberg series of the absorption spectra2 and by charge transfer spectra.3 The results are important in connection with the electronic levels as obtained by the studies of the annellation effect or by other methods.


Aromatic Hydrocarbon Ionization Energy Ionization Potential Electron Affinity Wavelength Absorption 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1964

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Clar
    • 1
  1. 1.University of GlasgowScotland

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