The Ionization Potentials and the Electronic Levels of the Aromatic Sextet

Abstract

The ionization potentials of aromatic hydrocarbons can be measured by electron impact studies with the mass spectrograph,1 by the Rydberg series of the absorption spectra2 and by charge transfer spectra.3 The results are important in connection with the electronic levels as obtained by the studies of the annellation effect or by other methods.

Keywords

Migration Graphite Benzene Iodine Hydrocarbon 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1964

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Clar
    • 1
  1. 1.University of GlasgowScotland

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