Responses of Gymnosperm Bark Tissues to Fungal Infections

  • S. Woodward
Part of the Springer Series in Wood Science book series (SSWOO)


Although the bark of trees provides the initial barrier to agents with the potential to damage the economically important internal woody tissues, it has received comparatively little attention in terms of responses to wounding and infection when compared with the wood itself. Until relatively recently, the majority of studies on bark concentrated on taxonomic comparisons (Eremin 1976) and the relationship between physical properties and commercial uses in consolidated board or reinforced plastic (e.g. Krahmer and Wellons 1973, Wellons and Krahmer 1973, Miller et al. 1974). Examination of bark extractives was based on their potential industrial and pharmaceutical uses (Hergert 1960, Rogers 1967) and little attention was paid to the role of these compounds in the tree itself, despite the fact that, from investigations on other plants, many were known to possess antimicrobial activity. During the past 15 years, however, the importance of the bark as a barrier to pests and diseases has become more widely recognized, and significant advances have been made in our understanding of the nature of responses to infection in these tissues (Mullick 1977, Biggs et al. 1984, Biggs 1985, Pearce 1987, 1989).


Coniferyl Alcohol Secondary Phloem Pitch Canker Bark Tissue Heterobasidion Annosum 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1992

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  • S. Woodward

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