Orogenesis

  • Adrian E. Scheidegger

Abstract

The central aim of the science of geody­namics is to elucidate the mechanism of mountain building, called orogenesis. The object of a theory of orogenesis is to explain the geo­graphic position and the physiographic character of an orogenetic system. Thus, the main features that have to be explained are the arcuate strike of mountain and island chains, the observed crustal shortening in the vicinity of mountains and the structure of the arcs.

Keywords

Convection Depression Shrinkage Turbidity Autocorrelation 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Jeffreys, H.: The Earth. London: Cambridge University Press 1929.Google Scholar
  2. Wilson, J. Tuzo: Proc. Geol. Ass. Canad. 3, 141 (1950).Google Scholar
  3. Scheidegger, A. E., J. T. Wilson: Proc. Geol. Ass. Canad. 3, 167 (1950).Google Scholar
  4. The following is after the writer’s discussion in Bull. Geol. Soc. Amer. 64, 127 (1953).Google Scholar
  5. Rolm, I.: Gerl. Beitr. 52, 123 (1938).Google Scholar
  6. Wilson, J. T.: Pap. & Proc. Roy. Soc. Tasmania p 85 (1950).Google Scholar
  7. Wilson, J. T.: In: The Earth as a Planet, ed. Kuiper, p. 138, University Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  8. Note that the concept of continental growth had already been formulated in 1888 by DAVISON; cf. Sec. 5.41.Google Scholar
  9. Bucher, W. H.: In Geotektonisches Symposium zu Ehren von H. Stille, ed. F. Lotze. Stuttgart: Deutsche Geologische Gesellschaft (1956); p. 396.Google Scholar
  10. Sonder, R. A.: Mechanik der Erde. Stuttgart: Schweizerbart 1956.Google Scholar
  11. Jeffreys, H.: The Earth, 2nd ed. (1929).Google Scholar
  12. Jeffreys, H.: The Earth, 2nd ed. (1929), p. 280.Google Scholar
  13. Scheidegger, A. E.: Canad. J. Phys. 30, 14 (1952).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Scheidegger, A. E.: Canad. J. Phys. 30, 14 (1952).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Birch, F.: Handbook of Physical Constants, Geol. Soc. Amer. spec. pap. No. 36 (1942).Google Scholar
  16. Sonder, R. A.: Mechanik der Erde. Stuttgart: Schweizerbart 1956.Google Scholar
  17. Scheidegger, A. E.: Canad. J. Phys. 31, 1148 (1953). A Similar analysis, though less mathematical, has also been made by ROBINSON [ROBINSON, R. O. A.: Canad. J. Phys. 35, 536 (1957)].Google Scholar
  18. Note that this is indeed less than the maximum speed with which crustal parts can slide over the substratum as calculated in Eq. (6.12–11).Google Scholar
  19. Kampe De Feriet, J.: Ann. Soc. Scien. de Bruxelles 59, Sér. I, 145 (1939). See also PAI, S., Viscous Flow Theory, vol. II, p. 174. New York : D. van Nostrand Inc. 1957.Google Scholar
  20. Holmes, A.: Mining Mag. 40, 205 (1929).Google Scholar
  21. Hopkins, W.: Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. Loud. 381 (1839).Google Scholar
  22. Adams, L. H.: Trans. Amer. Geophys. Un. 32, 499 (1951).Google Scholar
  23. Pekeris, C. L.: Month. Not. Roy. Astron. Soc., Geophys. Supp. 3, 343 (1935)•Google Scholar
  24. Chandrasekhar, S.: Phil. Mag. 43, 1317 (1952).Google Scholar
  25. Griggs, D.: Amer. J. Sei. 237, 611 (1939).Google Scholar
  26. Griggs, D.: Amer. J. Sci. 237, 611 (1939).Google Scholar
  27. Vening Meinesz, F. A.: Quart. J. Geol. Soc. Lond. 103, 191 (1948).Google Scholar
  28. Griggs, D.: Amer. J. Sci. 237, 611 (1939).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Brooks, H.: Trans. Amer. Geophys. Un. 27, 548 (1941).Google Scholar
  30. Hess, H. H.: Trans. Amer. Geophys. Un. 32, 528 (1951).Google Scholar
  31. Matschinski, M.: Ann. Geofis. 7, 1 (1954).Google Scholar
  32. Hess, H. H.: Trans. Amer. Geophys. Un. 32, 528 (1951).Google Scholar
  33. SOTOME, K.: Proc. Imp. Acad. Tokyo 3, 317 (1927).Google Scholar
  34. Jardetzky (Zardecki), W.: Recherches mathématiques sur l’évolution de la terre. Ed. spéc. Acad. Roy. Serbe, tome 107 (1935).Google Scholar
  35. Jardetzky, W.: Denkschr. Osterr. Akad. Wiss. 108, No. 3 (1948).Google Scholar
  36. Jardetzky, W.: Science 119, 361 (1954).Google Scholar
  37. Haarmann, E.: Die Oszillationstheorie; Publ. by F. Enke, Stuttgart 1930.Google Scholar
  38. Bemmelen, H. W. VAN; H. P. BERLAGE: Gerd. Beitr. 43, 19 (1935).Google Scholar
  39. Belousov, V. V.: Trudy geofiz. in-ta Akad. Nauk SSSR., No. 26 (153), 51 (1955).Google Scholar
  40. Havemann, H.: Trans. Amer. Geophys. Un. 33, 749 (1952).Google Scholar
  41. Bemmelen, R. W. vAN; H. P. BERLAGE: Ger1. Beitr. 43, 19 (1935).Google Scholar
  42. Belousov, V. V.: loc cit. , also: Tez. Dokl. Mezhd. Ass. Seismol., pp. 5 and 9. Moscow 1957.Google Scholar
  43. Egyed, L.: Acta Geolog. Magyar Todom. Akad. Föld. Közl. 4, 43 (1956).Google Scholar
  44. Matschinski, M.: Rend. Accad. Naz. Lincei, Cl. Sci. fis., mat. e nat., Ser. VIII, 16, 54 (1953).Google Scholar
  45. Lebedev, V. I.: Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR. 90, 217 (1953).Google Scholar
  46. Vening Meinesz, F. A.: Trans. Amer. Geophys. Un. 28, 1 (1947).Google Scholar
  47. Milankovitch, M.: Kanon der Erdbestrahlung and seine Anwendung auf das Eiszeitenproblem. Ed. spec. Acad. Roy. Serbe, Tome 133, Belgrade 1941.Google Scholar
  48. Schmidt, E. R.: Földtani Közlöny 18, 94 (1948).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1958

Authors and Affiliations

  • Adrian E. Scheidegger
    • 1
  1. 1.Research Associate Imperial Oil LimitedCalgaryCanada

Personalised recommendations