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Dynamics of Dissolved and Particulate Carbon in an Arctic Stream

  • M. W. Oswood
  • J. G. IronsIII
  • D. M. Schell
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 120)

Abstract

There are large stores of soil organic carbon in arctic tundra (Schlesinger 1977; Post et al. 1982), which has stimulated much research on understanding the net carbon balance in these terrestrial ecosystems (e.g., Shaver et al. 1992; Oechel et al. 1993; Tenhunen et al. 1995; see also Chaps. 11 and 17, this Vol.). However, aquatic ecosystems also play an important role in tundra carbon budgets. Kling et al. (1991) found that freshwater ecosystems in arctic Alaska showed net positive fluxes of CO2 to the atmosphere, and thus serve as sources, rather than sinks, of atmospheric carbon. Much of the CO2 in arctic aquatic systems is ultimately derived from terrestrial sources — eroding peat, soil dissolved organic matter, and inorganic carbon. Higher soil temperatures or a longer ice-free season at high latitudes may result in increased terrestrial decomposition and thus increased fluxes of organic materials to streams (Forsberg 1992; Oswood et al. 1992; Chap. 10, this Vol.).

Keywords

Particulate Organic Carbon Dissolve Organic Matter Arctic Tundra Particulate Organic Carbon Concentration Storm Flow 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. W. Oswood
  • J. G. IronsIII
  • D. M. Schell

There are no affiliations available

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