Active Continental Margins: Contrasts Between California and New Zealand

  • M. C. BlakeJr.
  • David L. Jones
  • C. A. Landis

Abstract

The margins of the Pacific Ocean in both California and New Zealand each contains two parallel terranes similar in age but very different in lithology, structure, and metamorphic mineral assemblages. In California, the structurally lower terrane is the Franciscan assemblage, deposited in deep marine environments and made up of rarely fossiliferous graywacke and shale with minor amounts of submarine volcanic rocks, radiolarian chert, and foraminiferal limestone. The Franciscan is separated from coeval fossiliferous sedimentary rocks of the Great Valley sequence to the east by a major fault zone along which ultramafic rocks are abundant. In New Zealand, the poorly fossiliferous Alpine assemblage, composed of graywacke with minor submarine volcanics and chert, is separated from coeval sedimentary rocks of the Hokonui assemblage by an ultramafic belt. In both California and New Zealand, these parallel sedimentary belts are adjacent to older crystalline terranes (Sierra Nevada and Tasman or Fiordland belts). These similarities, plus many other features common to both areas, including similar structure, metamorphism, and geophysical anomalies, have led many earlier workers to conclude that they formed under the same conditions, but at different times.

Keywords

Permian Olivine Bivalve Devonian Conglomerate 

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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1974

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. C. BlakeJr.
  • David L. Jones
  • C. A. Landis

There are no affiliations available

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