Advertisement

Atlantic-Type Continental Margins

  • Bruce C. Heezen

Abstract

Continental margins can be characterized as of “Atlantic” or “Pacific” type, essentially depending on whether they have experienced a relatively long period of stability, in which case they are called Atlantic type, or whether they have suffered active tectonism during latter geological times, in which case they are assigned to the Pacific type. We are concerned in this chapter with the Atlantic-type continental margins which bound the Arctic and Norwegian seas, the North and South Atlantic oceans, and all of the Indian Ocean (with the exception of the Sunda Arc), and all which circles Antarctica (with the exception of the Scotia Arc). Parts of the marginal basins of the Pacific can also be considered to be Atlantic type; for example, the continental margin of Alaska in the Bering Sea, the Siberian continental margin in the Okhotsk Sea, the Asian continental margin in the Japan Sea, and the Southeast Asian continental margin in the South China Sea. Parts of the Mediterranean margin might also be considered to be Atlantic type. Atlantic-type continental margins have been studied most extensively in the North Atlantic, but a significant assemblage of data provides insight into the structure of the continental margin of west Africa, Argentina, and Kenya.

Keywords

Continental Shelf Continental Margin Continental Slope Turbidity Current Abyssal Plain 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Bibliography

  1. Bunce, E. T., Emery, K., Gerard, R., Knott, S., Lidz, L., Saito, T., and Schlee, J., 1965, Ocean drilling on the continental margin: Science, v. 150, p. 709–716.Google Scholar
  2. Drake, C. L., Ewing, M., and Sutton, G. H., 1959, Continental margins and geosynclines: The east coast of North America north of Cape Hatteras, in Physics and chemistry of the earth: Elmsford, N.Y., Pergamon Press, v. 3, p. 110–198.Google Scholar
  3. Emery, K. O., Uchupi, E., Phillips, J. D., Bowin, C. O., Bunco, E. T., and Knott, S. T., 1970, Continental rise off eastern North America: Am. Assoc. Petr. Geo. Bull., v. 54, p. 44–108.Google Scholar
  4. Ericson, D. B., Ewing., M., and Heezen, B. C., 1952, Turbidity currents and sediments in the North Atlantic: Am. Assoc. Petr. Geol. Bull., v. 36, p. 489–512.Google Scholar
  5. Ewing, M., Wollin, G., and Heezen, B. C., 1961, Atlantic deep-sea sediment cores: Geol. Soc. America Bull., v. 72, p. 193–286.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Ewing, J., Ewing, M., and Leyden, R., 1966, Seismic profiler survey of Blake Plateau: Am. Assoc. Petr. Geol. Bull., v. 50, p. 1948–1971.Google Scholar
  7. Fox, P. J., Harian, A., and Heezen, B. C., 1968, Abyssal anti-dunes: Nature, v. 220, p. 470–472.Google Scholar
  8. Heezen, B. C., and Drake, C. L., 1964, Gravity tectonics, turbidity currents and geosynclinal accumulations in the continental margin of eastern North America, in Carey, S. W., ed., Snytaphral tectonics: Univ. Tasmania, p. Dl-D10.Google Scholar
  9. Heezen, B. C., and Hollister, C. D., 1964, Deep-sea current evi-dence from abyssal sediments: Marine Geology, v. 1, p. 141–174.Google Scholar
  10. Heezen, B. C., Hollister, C. D., and Ruddiman, W. F., 1966, Shaping of the continental rise by deep geostrophic contour currents: Science, v. 152, p. 502–508.Google Scholar
  11. Heezen, B. C. and Hollister, C. D., 1971, The face of the deep: New York, Oxford Univ. Press, 650 pp.Google Scholar
  12. Heezen, B. C., Tharp, M., Ewing, M., 1959, The floors of the oceans: 1; The North Atlantic: New York, Geol. Soc. America, 122 p.Google Scholar
  13. Hollister, C. D., and Heezen, B. C., 1971, Geological effects of ocean bottom currents, western North Atlantic, in Gordon, A. L., Studies in physical oceanography: New York, Gordon and Breach, v. 2, p. 37–66.Google Scholar
  14. Hollister, C. D., et. al., 1972, Initial reports of the Deep Sea Dril-ling Project, v. X I: Washington, D.C., U.S. Govt. Printing Office.Google Scholar
  15. Jones, E. J. W., Ewing, M., Ewing, J. I., and Eittrem, S. L., 1970, Influences of Norwegian Sea overflow water on sedimentation in the northern North Atlantic and Labrador Sea: Jour. Geophys. Res., v. 75, p. 1655–1680.Google Scholar
  16. Knott, S. T., and Hoskins, H., 1968, Evidence of Pleistocene events in the structure of the continental shelf off the northeastern United States: Marine Geology, v. 6, p. 5–43.Google Scholar
  17. McCoy, F. W., Jr., 1968, Bottom currents in the western Atlantic Ocean between Lesser Antilles and the Mid-Atlantic Ridge: Deep-Sea Res., v. 15, p. 179–184.Google Scholar
  18. Needham, H. D., Habib, D., and Heezen, B. C., 1969, Upper Carboniferous palynomorphs as a tracer of red sediment dispersal patterns in the northwest Atlantic: Jour. Geology, v. 77, p. 113–120.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Nesteroff, W. D., and Heezen, B. C., 1960, Les Depots de courants de turbidite, le flysch et leur signification tectonique: Comptes Rendus, v. 250, p. 3690–3692.Google Scholar
  20. Schneider, E. D., Fox, P. J., Hollister, C. D., Needham, D., and Heezen, B. C., 1967, Further evidence for contour currents in the western North Atlantic: Earth and Planetary Sci. Letters, v. 2, p. 351–357.Google Scholar
  21. Wust, G., 1933, Das Bodenwasser und die Gliederum der Atlantischen Tiefsee: Deutsche Atlantische Exped. METEOR 1925–1927, Wiss. Erg., Bd. 6, 1 T: Walter de Gruyter and Co., 520 p.Google Scholar
  22. Wust, G., 1936, Schichtung und Zirkulation des Atlanti-schen Ozeans. Das Bodenwasser und die Stratosphere: Wiss. Erg. Deutsch. Atlant. METEOR 1925–1927, v. 6, p. 1–288.Google Scholar
  23. Wust, G., 1957, Quantitative Untersuchungen zur Statik und Dynamik des Atlantischen Ozeans. Stromgeschwindigkeiten und Strommengen in den Tiefen des Atlantischen Ozeans: Deutsche Atlantischen Exped. METEOR, 1925–1927, Wiss. Erg., VI (2), 420 p.Google Scholar
  24. Wust, G.,, 1958, Die Stromgeschwindigkeiten un Strommengen in der Atlantischen Tiefsee: Geol. Rundschau, v. 47, p. 187–195.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1974

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bruce C. Heezen

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations