Workshop on Analytic Problems in Nutritional Epidemiology: Using Diet and Breast Cancer as an Example
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Ever since Doll and Peto estimated that an average of 35% of all cancers (range 10–70%) in the US are due to dietary factors, the search for epidemiologic evidence of causal factors has been underway. One of the cancers which has been attributed much attention is breast cancer. The reasons are simple: The rates of breast cancer have been increasing around the globe for many years. It is the major cause of premative death in women in industrialized countries. Although the etiology is hormonally related, a potential role of diet has been and is currently being studied. The role of energy intake, dietary fat consumption, the antioxidant status and alcohol use of the women at risk and having developed breast cancer have been the subject of numerous case-control and a few cohort studies. The results and the conclusions of these studie are dissonant.
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