Light and Optical Imaging Systems

  • William F. Schreiber
Part of the Springer Series in Information Sciences book series (SSINF, volume 15)


In this chapter, we shall discuss some elementary concepts in optics that are necessary to deal with the most common optical portions of imaging systems. Significant limitations are placed on the performance of such systems due to the amount of light from the object collected in the image, and the quantum and wave natures of electromagnetic energy. Practical electronic and optical phenomena that produce additional limitations are also introduced. The Fourier treatment of optical images and systems, which has proven so useful in both analysis and design, is also developed. The introduction of the scanning principle permits the calculation of the spectrum of video signals, whose shape is shown to be limited by the size of the objects depicted.


Impulse Response Shot Noise Modulation Transfer Function Video Signal Picture Element 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 2.1
    A. Chappel (ed.): Optoelectronics, Theory and Practice, Texas Instruments Electronics Series (McGraw-Hil, New York 1978);Google Scholar
  2. D.E. Gray (ed.): American Institute of Physics Handbook (McGraw-Hill, New York 1957)MATHGoogle Scholar
  3. 2.2
    A.C. Hardy: Handbook of Colorimetry (MIT Press, Cambridge, MA 1936)Google Scholar
  4. 2.3
    W.G. Driscoll (ed.): Handbook of Optics, Optical Society of America (McGraw-Hill, New York 1978)Google Scholar
  5. 2.4
    M. Born, E. Wolf: Principles of Optics, 6th ed. (Pergamon, New York 1980)Google Scholar
  6. 2.5
    A. Papoulis: Systems and Transforms with Applications in Optics (McGraw-Hill, New York 1968)Google Scholar
  7. 2.6
    R.E. Hopkins, MJ. Buzawa: “Optics for Laser Scanning,” Opt. Eng. 15 (2), 90–94 (1976)Google Scholar
  8. 2.7
    J.W. Goodman: Introduction to Fourier Optics (McGraw-Hill, New York 1968)Google Scholar
  9. 2.8
    J.BJ. Fourier: Theorie analytique de la chaleur (Didot, Paris 1822)Google Scholar
  10. 2.9
    A. Papoulis: In [2.5], p. 145Google Scholar
  11. 2.10
    E.R. Kretzner: “Statistics of TV Signals,” Bell System Tech. J. 31, 763 (1952)Google Scholar
  12. 2.11
    E. Dubois, M.S. Sabri, J.Y. Ouellet: “Three-Dimensional Spectrum and Processing of Digital NTSC Color Signals,” J. SMPTE 91, 372–378 (1982)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 2.12
    D.G. Fink: “The Future of High Definition Television,” J. SMPTE 89, 89–94 (1980)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. M. Ritterman: “An Application of Autocorrelation Theory to TV,” Sylvania Technologist 70–75 (1952)Google Scholar

Bibliography Chapter 2

  1. C.E.K. Mees, T.H. James: Theory of the Photographic Process (Macmillan, New York 1977)Google Scholar
  2. A. Rose: Vision: Human and Electronic (Plenum, New York 1973)Google Scholar
  3. W. Thomas (ed.): Handbook of Photographic Science and Engineering, SPSE (Wiley-Interscience, New York 1973)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • William F. Schreiber
    • 1
  1. 1.Advanced Television Research ProgramMassachusetts Institute of TechnologyCambridgeUSA

Personalised recommendations