Zentrales (cerebrospinales) Nervensystem

  • Wolf Georg Forssmann
  • Christine Heym
Part of the Heidelberger Taschenbücher book series (HTB, volume 139)

Zusammenfassung

Im Rumpfbereich entwickelt sich das Neuralrohr zum Rückenmark (s. auch Abschn. 11.1). Die Wand des Neuralrohrs verdickt sich durch massenhafte Zellteilungen. Den immer mehr eingeengten Hohlraum kleidet eine Schicht hochprismatischer Zellen aus (primäres Ependym), deren Fortsätze radiär zur Oberfläche des Neuralrohrs ziehen. Diese Ependymzellvorläufer bilden ein primäres Stützgerüst für die Zellmassen, die sich in Nervenstammzellen (Neuroblasten) und Gliastammzellen (Glioblasten) differenzieren. Die Fortsätze der Neuroblasten wachsen zur Oberfläche hin und erzeugen um das Neuralrohr einen Randschleier (Zona marginalis), während die Zellkörper medial liegen bleiben und eine Mantelzone (Zona nuclearis) um den Zentralkanal (Canalis centralis) bilden.

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wolf Georg Forssmann
    • 1
  • Christine Heym
    • 1
  1. 1.Anatomisches Institut der UniversitätHeidelbergDeutschland

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