Electoral Rules and Rational Voting: The Effect of Candidate Viability Perceptions on Voting Decisions

  • R. F. Bensel
  • M. E. Sanders
Conference paper

Abstract

Duverger’s classic work on political parties [1963] established a theoretical link between electoral rules and the number of viable parties. Systematic empirical evidence for this linkage has been provided by Rae [1967]. The proposition that plurality rules produce two-party competition and majority rules, a multi-party system, has assumed the status of a sociological law.1) This tendency probably operates through the coercive effect of electoral rules on the candidate preferences of individuals.

Keywords

Arena 

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References

  1. Downs, A.: An Economic Theory of Democracy. New York 1957.Google Scholar
  2. Duverger, M.: Political Parties. New York 1963.Google Scholar
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  5. McKelvey, R., and P.C. Ordeshook: A General Theory of the Calculus of Voting. Mathematical Applications in Political Science, VI. Ed. by J. Herndon and J. Bernd. Charlottesville, Virginia, 1972.Google Scholar
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Copyright information

© Physica-Verlag, Würzburg (Germany) 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. F. Bensel
    • 1
  • M. E. Sanders
    • 2
  1. 1.College StationUSA
  2. 2.HoustonUSA

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