In this section we shall obtain certain combinatorial properties of sequences of n integers, each integer one of 1, . . . , a. The motivation for our interest in these properties will become apparent in Chapter 3. By at once proving the necessary facts we gain in efficiency at the expense of a temporary lack of motivation. To avoid the trivial we assume, throughout this monograph, that a ≧ 2 and n ≧ 2 ; the main interest in application will usually be for large n.
KeywordsLagrange Multiplier Concave Function Entropy Function Prob Ability Unique Maximum
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