The Systems Approach and Contingency View in Managerial Behavior and Management Organization

  • Nobuo Sugihara
  • Mitsugu Ichikawa
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Economics and Mathematical Systems book series (LNE, volume 229)


Business management has played an important part in industrial society. Most social interactions are mediated by business. There are, however, diverse interest groups that take part in social interaction, each having its own goals and purposes. The managers should reconcile conflicts among interest groups to be able to carry out their policies and operating plans which are contingent to the situation. The managers with bounded rationality2 cannot reach the best policy, but they are making up better policies enough to satisfy the expectation of them. In those processes, to adapt to the environment effectively and efficiently, they should take advantage of systems approach and contingency view3 as managing tools. Here, we will inquire into these problems from the standpoint of methodology.


System Concept Managerial Accounting Contingency View Subjective Attitude Business Game 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nobuo Sugihara
    • 1
  • Mitsugu Ichikawa
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Business AdministrationKyoto Sangyo UniversityKyotoJapan

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