• Peter GöstlEmail author
Part of the Unternehmensführung & Controlling book series (UFC)


As the existence of enterprises is a direct result of the fact of uncertainty (Power, 2007), the question of how firms cope with uncertainty to survive in the long run is at the heart of management science (Knight, 1921). While increasing dynamics of the environment of businesses has been leading to advanced complexity within organizations during the twentieth century (Ansoff, 1979), complexity within an organization leads to uncertainty, which results in a lack of information regarding potential future outcome (Galbraith, 1973). As a result, information tends to be diverse and incomplete, leading to the institution of controls such as rules, documentation, and formalized structures (Child & Mansfield, 1972; Khandwalla, 1975) to cope with evident coordination problems (Arrow, 1964).


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH, part of Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.ViennaAustria

Personalised recommendations